In order to promote open access to research data, many funding agencies require that data produced at part of a funded project be made publicly available and/or have instituted requirements for formal data management plans:
- National Science Foundation (NSF): Dissemination and Sharing of Research Results. As of January 18, 2011, NSF requires grant proposals to include a 2-page data management plan. For more details, see the Grant Proposal Guide Chapter II.C.2.j, or the NSF's list of Data Management & Sharing Frequently Asked Questions. Note that some directorates have their own guidelines and requirements for data management plans.
- National Institutes of Health: Data Sharing Policy. Researchers funded at $500,000 or more must include a data sharing plan in their grant proposals. The Frequently Asked Questions page contains more details on the policy.
- The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Office of Digital Humanties now requires a data management plan for the Digital Humanities Impelementation Grant Program. The plan, no longer than 2 pages, is modeled on the NSF data plan. See their guidelines.
- For a more complete list of US funding agencies' data management and sharing guidelines, see the University of Minnesota Libraries' Funding Agency and Data Management Guidelines.
- Several journals and publishers have also implemented data-sharing mandates.