World (Postcolonial) Literature in English: Books

Outreach Librarian:
Alan Lupack





    Postcolonial and Commonwealth Literature, General


    The Caribbean

    South Asia

    Southeast Asia

    Australia and New Zealand


   Postcolonial and Commonwealth Literature, General
   The Caribbean
   South Asia
   Southeast Asia
   Australia and New Zealand


   Postcolonial and Commonwealth Literature, General
   South Asia
   Africa and the Caribbean
   Australia and New Zealand
   The Middle East
   North America




   Postcolonial Theory
   Subaltern Studies


Books and Monographs



Adam, Ian, and Helen Tiffin, eds. Past the Last Post: Theorizing Post-Colonialism and Post-Modernism. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1990. (Rhees PR9080.5 .P378 1990)

An edited collection of essays on Merle Hodge, Wilson Harris, Salman Rushdie, Angela Carter, David Malouf, Jerzy Kosinsky, and others. One of the first books to juxtapose post-colonialism and post-modernism.

Native Intelligence: Aesthetics, Politics, and Postcolonial Literature. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003. (Rhees PR9080 .B34 2003)

Bahri's book is an attempt to steer criticism of postcolonial literature towards a greater engagement with the aesthetic innovations and utopian impulses of individual postcolonial texts. Bahri is particularly interested in the uses to which Frankfurt School aesthetic theory may be put.

Cohn, Bernard S. Colonialism and its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996. (Rhees DS436 .C65 1996)

A collection of Cohn's essays present the history, anthropology, and colonial sociology of India. British Orientalists' efforts at learning Indian languages, issues concerning clothing and religion, and understanding the legal system are among the typically overlooked areas of colonial discourse included in this book. Language and poetic deconstruction are examined.

Collier, Gordon, and Frank Schulze-Engler, eds. Crabtracks: Progress and Process in Teaching the New Literatures in English. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. (Koller-Collins and Rhees PR9080.A53 .C73 2002)

A festschrift for Dieter Riemenschneider, who helped found and consolidate the study of postcolonial anglophone literatures in Germany. The contributions are divided into three main sections. The first focuses on the process of institutionalizing the study of postcolonial anglophone literatures in Europe, the second on theory and application, and a third on the work of Riemenschneider, including letters to him from other pioneering scholars in the field, such as Syd Harrex, Viney Kirpal and Gerhard Stilz.

Fiedler, Leslie A. and Houston A. Baker, Jr., eds. English Literature: Opening Up the Canon. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1981. (Koller-Collins and Rhees PR9080 .E53 1981)

Contains an essay by E. K. Braithwaite on English in the Caribbean, and by Dennis Brutus on English in South Africa.

Fraser, Robert. Lifting the Sentence: A Poetics of Postcolonial Fiction. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000. (Rhees PR9080 .F73 2000)

Fraser's focus in on how "postcolonial aesthetics reveals itself in practice," and his study focuses on distinctive uses of person, tense, voice, tone, mood, typology, symbol and myth in postcolonial texts, which dramatize the conflict of "writing in a language other than the mother tongue." Includes a very useful thematic bibliography and index.

Hogan, Patrick Colm. Colonialism and Cultural Identity: Crises of Tradition in the Anglophone Literatures of India, Africa, and the Caribbean. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. (Rhees PR9080 .H64 2000)

Hogan's book develops a theoretical framework for analyzing the diverse responses of colonized people to metropolitan ideas and indigenous traditions. Authors dealt with include Derek Walcott, Jean Rhys, Chinua Achebe, Earl Lovelace, Buchi Emecheta, Rabindranath Tagore, and Attia Hossain. Has a useful bibliography and index.

Hogan, Patrick Colm. Empire and Poetic Voice: Cognitive and Cultural Studies of Literary Tradition and Colonialism. Albany: State University of New York, 2004. (Rhees PR9080 .H646 2004)

Hogan's contention, in this book, is that literary and cultural traditions are entirely personal and only seem to be group matters because of assertions of categorical identity. He then presents a novel theory of literary identity based on recent work in cognitive science and culture studies. The book is notable for its close readings of specific postcolonial texts by Anita Desai, George Lamming, Rabindranath Tagore, Agha Shahid Ali, and others.

Kirpal, Viney. The Third World Novel of Expatriation: A Study of Émigré Fiction by Indian, West African and Caribbean Writers. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1989. (Rhees PR9080 .K55 1989)

Kirpal's book is a thematically organized study of expatriate fiction by Indians, West Indians and West Africans. The writers dealt with most closely are Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, Raja Rao, R. K. Narayan, V. S. Naipaul, and George Lamming. An index is also provided.

Nair, Rukmini Bhaya. Lying on the Postcolonial Couch: The Idea of Indifference. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Nair's monograph concentrates on the connection between difference and indifference.

Nandy, Ashis. The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Nandy's classic monograph consists of two essays, "The Psychology of Colonialism: Sex, Age and Ideology in British India," and "The Uncolonized Mind: A Post-Colonial View of India and the West."

Newman, Judie. The Ballistic Bard: Postcolonial Fictions. London: Arnold, 1995. (Rhees PR9084 .N49 1995)

Newman's monograph is a study of postcolonial texts that explicitly rewrite influential precursor texts in order to subvert conventional representations of colonization and restore untold stories. Chapters are devoted to Jean Rhys' reworking of Jane Eyre, V. S. Naipaul's reworking of Rhys, Anita Desai and Ruth Prawer Jhabvala's reworkings of E. M. Forster, J. M. Coetzee's reworkings of Daniel Defoe and D. H. Lawrence, Buchi Emecheta's reworking of G. B. Shaw, and Bharati Mukerjee's reworking of Naipaul.

Schultheis, Alexandra. Regenerative Fictions: Postcolonialism, Psychoanalysis and the Nation as Family. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. (Rhees PR9084 .S38 2004)

A close reading of novels by Salman Rushdie, Jamaica Kincaid, Darryl Pinckney, and Bharati Mukherjee.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Death of a Discipline. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. (Rhees PN865 .S68 2003)

Spivak's short monograph is divided into three chapters: "Crossing Borders," "Collectivities," and "Planetarity." The first deals with the ongoing attempts by comparative literary studies and comparative social studies to transform themselves, and traces their history as institutional enterprises. Spivak argues for a global, "world embracing" comparative literature, "studying all literatures, with linguistic rigor and historical savvy," rather than a Eurocentric one. She further argues for making "the traditional linguistic sophistication of Comparative Literature supplement Area Studies (and history, anthropology, political theory, and sociology)" in order to "take the languages of the Southern Hemisphere as active cultural media." She also offers brief readings of Maryse Conde's Heremakhonon and J. M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians. The second deals with the question of the formation of collectivities, and offers readings of texts which "stage the question of collectivity": Derrida's Politics of Friendship, Woolf's A Room of One's Own, Gertrude Stein's The Mother of Us All, Tayeb Salih's Season of Migration to the North and Mahasweta Devi's Pterodactyl, Puran Sahay and Pirtha. The third deals with the notion of "planetarity," as opposed to "globalism," and offers readings of Jose Marti and W. E. B. DuBois.

Trivedi, Harish, and Meenakshi Mukherjee., eds. Interrogating Post-colonialism: Theory, Text and Context. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 1996. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

A collection of essays from a 1994 conference organized by the Indian Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies. The collection is divided into a section consisting of meditations on various postcolonial issues, and a section dealing with postcolonialism and India. Contributors include Bruce Bennett, Richard Allen, Gareth Griffiths, Jasbir Jain, Vijay Mishra, Arun Prabha Mukherjee, Meenakshi Mukherjee, Makarand Paranjpe, and Harish Trivedi.

White, Jonathan, ed. Recasting the World: Writing after Colonialism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. (Rhees PR9080 .R42 1993)

A collection of essays on different postcolonial literatures and texts. Authors examined include Toni Morrison, V. S. Naipaul, George Lamming, Nadine Gordimer, and Salman Rushdie.




Balogun, F. Odun. Ngugi and African Postcolonial Narrative: The Novel as Oral Narrative in Multigenre Performance. Quebec: World Heritage Press, 1997. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z537 1997)

Balogun's monograph contends that Ngugi has created quintessential multigenre novels, by synthesizing Western logocentric and native Gikuyu oral-performance devices, in Devil on the Cross and Matigari, thus meeting the theoretical challenges of Mikhail Bakhtin and Raymond Williams. Most of the monograph is devoted to close readings of Matigari as oral-narrative performance, hagiography, mythology, realistic novel, and postmodern deconstructionist narrative. A bibliography and index are also provided.

Balogun, F. Odun. Tradition and Modernity in the African Short Story: An Introduction to a Literature in Search of Critics. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1991. (Rhees PR9344 .B35 1991)

This monograph represents Balogun's attempt to remedy the neglect of African short stories by literary scholars. It is divided into two parts: The first provides a panoramic overview of the whole field, and consists of chapters focusing on recurring themes, linguistic characteristics, and the structure of irony in African short stories. The second consists of a series of chapters on short stories by two representative writers, Chinua Achebe and Taban lo Liyong. Liyong is selected to represent modernist trends, and Achebe to represent traditional practices of short story writing.

Barnett, Ursula A. Ezekiel Mphahlele. Boston: Twayne, 1976. (Rhees PR9369.3.M67 Z6)

A literary biography of Mphahlele, spanning 1919 to 1974, with individual chapters devoted to Man Must Live, Down Second Avenue, The Living and the Dead, In Corner B, The Wanderers, and his essays and critical works. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Booker, M. Keith. The African Novel in English: An Introduction. Oxford: James Currey, 1998. (Rhees PR9344 .B66 1998)

Designed as a classroom textbook for introductory courses in African fiction, this book has chapters devoted to one novel each by Chinua Achebe, Buchi Emecheta, Ayi Kwei Armah, Ama Ata Aidoo, Nadine Gordimer, Alex La Guma, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, and Tsitsi Dangarembga. It also has a chapter on cultural, historical, generic and linguistic considerations to keep in mind when reading African novels; and a chapter providing a historical survey of African novelistic traditions in various languages.

Booker, M. Keith, ed. The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2003.

A collection of several hundred alphabetically arranged, cross-referenced entries by 23 scholars. These include long individual entries on each of his novels, nonfiction books, collections of poetry, and collections of short stories; on characters and settings that feature in his fiction; on film and television adaptations of his writings; entries on historical persons, locations, and events relevant to his works; on major book-length critical works on Achebe; on specific authors and literary works that have influenced him; biographical entries on Achebe, his family members, friends, associates, and most important critics; and on issues, concepts, and critical debates pertinent to his writings. Many entries include suggestions for further reading. Includes a foreword by Simon Gikandi on "Chinua Achebe and the Institution of African Literature," a chronology, an index, an excellent bibliography, and brief notes about the contributors.

Cantalupo, Charles, ed. Ngugi wa Thiong'o: Texts and Contexts. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1995. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z776 1995)

A collection of essays on various aspects of Ngugi's life and work, arising out of a 1994 conference at Pennsylvania State University.

Carroll, David. Chinua Achebe. New York: Twayne, 1970. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z776 1995)

An early study of Achebe's fiction, with chapters devoted to each of the four novels, and a brief bibliography and index.

Chinweizu, Onwuchekwa Jemi, and Ihechukwu Madubuike. Toward the Decolonization of African Literature. Volume I: African Fiction and Poetry and Their Critics. Enugu, Nigeria: Fourth Dimension Publishers, 1980. (Rhees PR9340 .C48)

A landmark text in the field of modern African literature, which articulates a "nativist" approach to literature and criticism, in opposition to the "neo-colonial" and "Eurocentric" approach of critics like Gerald Moore, Charles Larson, Adrian Roscoe, Eustace Palmer, and Wole Soyinka.

Chinweizu. The West and the Rest of Us: White Predators, Black Slavers and the African Elite. Lagos, Nigeria: Pero Press, 1987. (Rhees DT21 .C45 1987)

An enormously influential polemical account of the historical relationship between Africa and the West.

Cook, David, and Michael Okenimkpe. Ngugi wa Thiong'o: An Exploration of His Writings. Second Edition. Oxford: James Currey, 1997. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z562 1997)

A book-length study of Ngugi's writings, with chapters on each of his novels, his short stories, his plays, and his social and literary criticism. Also includes a brief critical biography, an analysis of his early newspaper columns, a chapter on his style, a chapter on his view of the role of the writer in the ordering of society, and a detailed index.

Cooper, Brenda. Magical Realism in West African Fiction: Seeing with a Third Eye. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. (Rhees PR9344 .C66 1998)

This monograph provides a close reading of three West African magical realists, Syl Cheney-Coker of Sierra Leone, Ben Okri of Nigeria, and Kojo Laing of Ghana.

Davis, Geoffrey V. Voices of Justice and Reason: Apartheid and Beyond in South African Literature. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2003. (Rhees PR9359.6 .D38 2003)

A historical survey of the development of South African literature under apartheid, and during the transitional period of the 1990s. The main emphasis is on black writers such as Mtutuzeli Matshoba, Richard Rive, Matsamela Manaka, and Sipho Sepamla. There is also a major emphasis on theatre, as a barometer of social change in South Africa.

Dunton, Chris. Make Man Talk True: Nigerian Drama in English Since 1970. London: Hans Zell, 1992. (Rhees PR9387.3 .D86 1992)

An account of contemporary Nigerian drama, with chapters on Ola Rotimi, Zulu Sofola, Kole Omotoso, Bode Sowande, Femi Osofisan, Tess Onwueme, Olu Obafemi, Tunde Fatunde, Akanji Nasiru, and Segun Oyekunle, with extensive endnotes, a detailed bibliography, and an index.

Egar, Emmanuel Edame. The Rhetorical Implications of Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2000. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 T52398 2000)

A study of Chinua Achebe's rhetoric in Things Fall Apart. Egar's contention is that Achebe articulates and dramatizes a unique kind of rhetoric, which emphasizes that man, and not language, is the site for social interaction.

Emenyonu, Ernest N., ed. Emerging Perspectives on Chinua Achebe. Volume 1: Omenka the Master Artist: Critical Perspectives on Achebe's Fiction.
Trenton and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2004. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z655 2004)

A collection of 37 essays on Achebe's fiction, 5 of which were previously published elsewhere. The collection is divided into 8 parts, dealing with Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God, A Man of the People, Anthills of the Savannah, Beware, Soul Brother, his short stories, and his children's stories, respectively. All the leading Achebe scholars have contributed, including Joseph R. Slaughter, Charles Nnolim, Emmanuel Obiechina, Bernth Lindfors, and Ernest Emenyonu. Also has a useful index.

Ezenwa-Ohaeto. Contemporary Nigerian Poetry and the Poetics of Orality. Bayreuth: Bayreuth African Studies, 1998. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z66 1997)

A careful study of the ways in which the poetics of orality is manifested in contemporary Nigerian poetry. Close readings are offered of Nigerian pidgin poetry, and of poems by Ofeimun, Nwanko, Ugah, Acholonu, Ogundipe-Leslie, Amadiume, Flora Nwapa, Chinweizu, Obiora Udechukwu, Tanure Ojaide, and Niyi Osundare. Has an index and an extensive bibliography.

Gakwandi, Arthur Shatto. The Novel and Contemporary Experience in Africa. New York: Africana, 1977. (Rhees PR9344 .G3)

A thematic study of modern African fiction. Chapter 1 focuses on the theme of colonial injustice in Ferdinand Oyono's Houseboy and Alex La Guma's A Walk in the Night. Chapter 2 focuses on progress as illusion in Chinua Achebe's No Longer at Ease and Mongo Beti's Mission to Kala. Chapter 3 examines nationalism in Peter Abrahams' A Wreath for Udomo and T. M. Aluko's One Man One Matchet. Chapter 4 concentrates on disenchantment in Wole Soyinka's The Interpreters and Achebe's A Man of the People. Chapter 5 is devoted to freedom as nightmare, in Ayi Kwei Armah's The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born and Cameron Duodu's The Gab Boys. Chapter 6 deals with Ngugi wa Thiong'o's A Grain of Wheat and Sembene Ousmane's God's Bits of Wood. Includes a brief bibliography and index.

Gibbs, James, and Bernth Lindfors, eds. Research on Wole Soyinka. Trenton: Africa World Press, 1993. (Rhees PR9387.9.S6 Z78 1993)

A collection of twenty-one essays on Soyinka, most of them previously published in the journal Research in African Literatures. The articles are divided into 8 sections. Section 1 deals with Soyinka's relationship to the English language; section 2 deals with his career as a broadcaster; section 3 deals with his work as a dramatist; section 4 deals with his poetry; section 5 deals with his novel, The Interpreters; section 6 deals with his journalism; section 7 deals with his literary criticism; and section 8 deals with the critical responses to his work. Has a detailed index.

Gikandi, Simon. Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z67 2000)

A book-length study of Ngugi's work, with an extensive bibliography and index.

Goodwin, Ken. Understanding African Poetry: A Study of Ten Poets. London: Heinemann, 1982. (Rhees PR9342 .G66 1982)

An early study with chapters devoted to Dennis Brutus, Christopher Okigbo, Lenrie Peters, John Pepper Clark, Taban lo Liyong Kofi Awoonor, Wole Soyinka, Gabriel Okara, Okot p'Bitek, and Mazisi Kunene.

Griffiths, Gareth. African Literatures in English: East and West. Essex: Longmans, 2000. (Rhees PR9340 .G75 2000)

An introduction to the history of English-language writing from East and West Africa, the various types of patronage through which this writing has developed through its different historical phases, and its dominant themes and patterns. There are also chapters on English writing in non-Anglophone East and West African countries, writing by women, and new transcultural trends. The book also includes a chronology, index, general bibliography, and a section with brief biographies and bibliographies of individual authors.

Griffiths, Gareth. Double Exile: African and West Indian Writing Between Two Cultures. London: Marion Boyars, 1978. (Rhees PR9080 .G7)

An early study of the themes, influences and directions of African and Caribbean literature. Includes a bibliography and index.


Imbo, Samuel Oluoch. Oral Traditions as Philosophy: Okot p'Bitek's Legacy for African Philosophy. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002. (Rhees PR9381.9.P33 Z73 2002)

Imbo's monograph is inspired by the linking of poetry and everyday living to philosophy by the Ugandan popular poet Okot p'Bitek, who wrote in the style of traditional Acoli song. Building on p'Bitek's insistence on the inseparability of any genuine philosophy from a specific context of socially constructed meaning, Imbo approaches the defining problems faced by modern African philosophy. Chapter 1 explores multiple visions of Africanity; chapter 2 explores differing assumptions as to what constitutes the philosophical and the religious, and considers whether such a dichotomy is appropriate in the African context; chapter 3 debates whether songs such as p'Bitek's are suitable vehicles for rigorous, intellectual discourse; chapter 4 examines whether oral traditions are misogynistic; chapter 5 analyzes the interaction of Christian missionaries with African traditions; chapter 6 explores notions of cultural universals and particulars, and the problem of searching for equivalent concepts across cultures and languages; chapter 7 explores African notions of the relationship between the individual and society; and chapter 8 deals with the future of African philosophy and scholarship.

Innes, C. L. Chinua Achebe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z7 1990)

A book-length study of Achebe's fiction, poetry and non-fiction prose. Includes an extensive bibliography and index.

Innes, C. L., and Bernth Lindfors, eds. Critical Perspectives on Chinua Achebe. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1978. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z63)

A collection of previously published, early critical essays on Achebe.

Irele, F. Abiola, and Simon Gikandi, eds. The Cambridge History of African and Caribbean Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

A collection of forty essays, spanning two volumes and over 850 pages. The emphasis is on Africa, with only eight essays dealing with the literature of the Caribbean and North America, and this collection is notable for the weight accorded precolonial traditions, such as South African heroic and prose poetry, Arab and Berber oral traditions in North Africa, Ethiopian literature in Ge'ez and Amharic, and the Swahili literary tradition in East Africa. Over half the essays are devoted to nineteenth and twentieth century literature, not only in European languages (English, French, Spanish, Portuguese), but also in African languages (Yoruba, Hausa, Gikuyu, Xhosa). Contributors include leading scholars such as Dan Izevbaye, Isidore Okpewho, Alain Ricard, Simon Gikandi, Ato Quayson, and Ode S. Ogede. Each essay has its own bibliography, and nine maps, a chronology, and an index are included.

JanMohamed, Abdul R. Manichean Aesthetics: The Politics of Literature in Colonial Africa. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1985. (Rhees PR9344 .J36 1983)

A study of fiction by Joyce Cary, Isak Dinesen, Nadine Gordimer, Chinua Achebe, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, and Alex La Guma. Has a bibliography and index.

Ker, David I. The African Novel and the Modernist Tradition. New York: Peter Lang, 1997. (Rhees PR9344 .K47 1997)

Ker's monograph examines key African novels alongside British and American modernist novels, comparing Wole Soyinka with Henry James, Kofi Awoonor with James Joyce and Virginia Woolf, Ngugi wa Thiong'o with Joseph Conrad, and Ayi Kwei Armah with William Faulkner. Attention is also devoted to Chinua Achebe and Gabriel Okara. Has endnotes, an extensive bibliography, and an index.

Killam, G.D. An Introduction to the Writings of Ngugi. London: Heinemann, 1980. (Rhees PR9381.9.N42 Z75)

A good introductory survey of Ngugi's writings, with a very brief bibliography and index. Patrick Williams' survey, below, is much more up-to-date.

Killam, G. D., ed. The Writing of East and Central Africa. London: Heinemann, 1984. (Rhees PR9340.5 .W75 1984)

An excellent early survey of East African writing in English. Part 1 has essays on each national tradition (Ugandan, Kenyan, Tanzanian, Mauritian, Zambian, Zimbabwean). Part 2 has essays devoted to individual writers, specifically Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Okot p'Bitek, Taban lo Liyong, Meja Mwangi, and Nuruddin Farah. Part 3 has essays devoted to specific literary forms: poetry, the novel, and drama. Contributors include all the leading scholars of East African literature: Ken Goodwin, Simon Gikandi, G.D. Killam, Peter Nazareth, Jacqueline Bardolph, and Bernth Lindfors, among others.

Kurtz, John Roger. Urban Obsessions, Urban Fears: The Postcolonial Kenyan Novel. Trenton and Asmara: Africa World Press, 1998. (RheesPR9381.4 .K87 1998)

Kurtz' book is divided into three sections. The first section offers a brief, chronologically arranged history of the Kenyan novel, with chapters on the historical context, the "first generation" novels of the 1960s, the "boom" novels of the 1970s, and the post-Kenyatta novels of the 1980s and 1990s. Section two deals with the complex representations of the city in Kenyan fiction, with chapters on the evolving representation of Nairobi, on popular fiction and the city, on Meja Mwangi's urban novels, and on the portrayal of urban women. The third section of the book is a comprehensive annotated bibliography of Anglophone Kenyan novels published since 1964. There is also an index.

Larson, Charles R. The Ordeal of the African Writer. London and New York: Zed Books, 2001. (Rhees PR9340 .L37 2001)

A study of the professional circumstances of writers in Africa, focusing on issues of readership, language, obstacles faced by African publishing houses and their treatment of their authors, the response of European and American publishing houses, and the impact of national economic crises and political repression.

Larson, Charles R. The Emergence of African Fiction. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1972. (Rhees PR9799 .L3 1972)

One of the earliest surveys of African fiction, with chapters devoted to Chinua Achebe, Onitsha market literature, Amos Tutuola, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Camara Laye, Lenrie Peters, Wole Soyinka and Ayi Kwei Armah. Includes a bibliography and index.

Lindfors, Bernth, and Bala Kothandaraman, eds. The Writer as Activist: South Asian Perspectives on Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Trenton and Amara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z94 2001)

A collection of essays on Ngugi by prominent South Asian critics such as Feroza Jussawalla, Mala Pandurang, and Supriya Nair. Also included are two interviews with Ngugi, a useful checklist of South Asian scholarship on him from 1975 to 1997, and an index.

Lindfors, Bernth. The Blind Man and the Elephant and Other Essays in Biographical Criticism. Trenton and Amara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9340.5 .L56 1999)

Lindfors' collection of essays makes the case that while biographical criticism may be unfashionable, it is desperately needed when writers and readers hail from different cultures, in order to foster better comprehension and appreciation. Writers dealt with include Chinua Achebe, Dennis Brutus, Cyprian Ekwensi, Wole Soyinka, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, and Amos Tutuola. Particularly noteworthy are essays on Ngugi wa Thiong'o's early journalism, and on the events culminating in Faber and Faber's acceptance of Amos Tutuola's The Palm-Wine Drinkard for publication.

Lindfors, Bernth, ed. Approaches to Teaching Achebe's Things Fall Apart. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1991. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 T5239 1991)

An excellent collection of 17 essays outlining different approaches to teaching Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart. The editor neatly describes available materials: editions, bibliographies, biographical sources and interviews, anthropological studies of the Igbo people, histories of Nigeria, critical books and essays on Achebe, and audiovisual aids. The contributors propose a variety of strategies for teaching Things Fall Apart, depending on the type of course being taught and the learning goals involved.

Lindfors, Bernth. Early Nigerian Literature. New York and London: Africana Publishing Company, 1982. (Rhees PR9387 .L5 1982)

A collection of essays on the early writings of individual Nigerian authors, including D. O. Fagunwa, Amos Tutuola, Cyprian Ekwensi, Onuora Nzekwu, Wole Soyinka and Chinua Achebe. Lindfors is interested in their evolution as writers, and in how it relates to the evolution of Nigerian literature as a whole.

Lovesey, Oliver. Ngugi wa Thiong'o. New York: Twayne Publishers, 2000. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z76 2000)

A book-length study of Ngugi's writings, with a bibliography and index.


Maughan-Brown, David. Land, Freedom and Fiction: History and Ideology in Kenya. London: Zed Books, 1985. (Rhees PR9381 .M38)

A careful study of the contrasting ways in which the Mau Mau struggle for land and independence has been represented in fiction by settler writers, English authors and indigenous Kenyan novelists. Writers dealt with include Robert Ruark, Elspeth Huxley, V. S. Reid, G. R. Fazakerley, G. W. Target, Michael Cornish, Meja Mwangi, Charles Mangua, Godwin Wachira and Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Has an extensive bibliography and index.

McLuckie, Craig W., and Patrick J. Colbert, eds. Critical Perspectives on Dennis Brutus. Colorado Springs: Three Continents Press, 1995. (Rhees PR9390.9.B7 Z62 1995)

A collection of 15 essays on Dennis Brutus, mostly Canadian and American critics, divided into sections on his life, his poetry, his pedagogy and his involvement in politics. Also includes interviews with him conducted by Lamont B. Steptoe, and a comprehensive annotated bibliography of primary and secondary sources, as well as detailed endnotes.

Newell, Stephanie. Ghanaian Popular Fiction: 'Thrilling Discoveries in Conjugal Life' and Other Tales. Oxford: James Currey, 2000. (Rhees PR9379 .N49 2000)

Based on Newell's PhD dissertation at the University of Birmingham, this is a brilliant study of the writing, publishing and reading of popular pamphlets and paperbacks in Ghana.

Newell, Stephanie, ed. Writing African Women: Gender, Popular Culture and Literature in West Africa. London and New York: Zed Books, 1997. (Rhees PR9340.5 .W74 1997)

A collection of essays, divided into 3 parts: Part 1 deals with African gender theory. Part 2 is devoted to African women's writing, with an emphasis on Flora Nwapa, Zaynab Alkali, Hauwa Ali, Mariama Ba, Ama Ata Aidoo, Theodora Adimora-Ezeigbo, May Ifeome Nwoye, and Mabel Dove-Danquah. Part 3 explores the interaction of sexual politics, polemics, and popular culture, including the gender dynamics of mask performance and oral storytelling.

Ngara, Emmanuel. Art and Ideology in the African Novel: A Study of the Influence of Marxism on African Writing. London: Heinemann, 1985. (Rhees PR9344 .N44 1985)

A short monograph which explores the influence of Marxism on African literature. Part 1 includes three essays on Marxist aesthetics, covering notions of content, form, style, commitment, realism, socialist realism, and ideology; an essay presenting a potted history of the development of the modern African novel from a Marxist perspective; and an essay on the valences of writing in European versus African languages. Part 2 analyzes ideology in specific works of fiction, with essays devoted to Sembene Ousmane's God's Bits of Wood, Ngugi wa Thiong'o's Petals of Blood, Alex La Guma's In the Fog of the Season's End, and Nadine Gordimer's The Late Bourgeois World. Designed as a school, college and university textbook. Includes a brief bibliography and index.

Ngara, Emmanuel. Stylistic Criticism and the African Novel. London: Heinemann, 1982. (Rhees PR9344 .N536 1982)

A primer on stylistic criticism. Part 1 provides an overview of the uses of linguistics in literary criticism, lays out a theory of stylistic criticism, and emphasizes that sociological and aesthetic issues are inseparable in African fiction. Part 2 consists of 5 essays, devoted to Gabriel Okara's The Voice, Chinua Achebe's Arrow of God, Ngugi wa Thiong'o's A Grain of Wheat, Wole Soyinka's Season of Anomy, and Ayi Kwei Armah's Two Thousand Seasons. Designed as a school, college and university textbook. Includes a brief bibliography and index.

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Penpoints, Gunpoints, and Dreams: Towards a Critical Theory of the Arts and the State in Africa. Oxford: Clarenden Press, 1998. (Rhees PL8010 .N487 1998)

Based on Ngugi's 1996 Clarendon Lectures, this set of four essays explores the relationship between art and political power in society, and specifically the conflict between artists and the state in Africa.

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Moving the Centre: The Struggle for Cultural Freedoms. London: James Currey, 1993. (Rhees PL8010 .N485 1993)

A collection of short essays, based mostly on talks given by Ngugi in the 1980s, concerned with moving the center of cultural power from the West to a multiplicity of spheres in all the cultures of the world, and from minority class establishments to working people in conditions of racial, religious and gender equality.

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Writers in Politics: Essays. London: Heinemann, 1981. (Rhees DT433.54 .N48 1981)

A collection of essays written in the 1970s, on the topic of the relevance of literature to life and society.

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Homecoming: Essays on African and Caribbean Literature, Culture and Politics. London: Heinemann, 1972. (Rhees PR9798 .N4)

A collection of early essays on culture, politics and fiction. Includes essays on Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, T. M. Aluko, Okot p'Bitek and George Lamming.

Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Decolonizing the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. London: James Currey, 1986. (Rhees PL8010 .N48 1986)

Ngugi's famous "farewell to English as a vehicle for any of my writings," this monograph is a sustained meditation on the language question in African literary production, and on its relation to African writers' quest for relevance.

Njoku, Benedict Chiaka. The Four Novels of Chinua Achebe: A Critical Study. New York: Peter Lang, 1984. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z84 1984)

A collection of close readings of Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, A Man of the People, and Arrow of God.

Obee, Ruth. Es'kia Mphahlele: Themes of Alienation and African Humanism. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9369.3.M67 Z83 1999)

A study of Mphahlele's career and writings, with individual chapters devoted to such important works as Man Must Live, Down Second Avenue, The African Image, Chirundu, Afrika My Music, and Father Comes Home. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Obiechina, Emmanuel. Culture, Tradition and Society in the West African Novel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. (Rhees PR9344 .O2)

A thematic study of the evolution of the Western African novel from 1950 to 1975. Part 1 provides necessary historical, cultural, and social background; part 2 deals with novelistic themes and preoccupations such as nature, music, art, orality, characterization, space and time, setting, and language; part 3 examines the impact of modernization and cultural changes and conflicts. As the book is by a Nigerian scholar, and Nigerians were far more prolific than their neighbors during the author's chosen time period, Nigerian writers are heavily represented, specifically Chinua Achebe, T. M. Aluko, Elechi Amadi, Cyprian Ekwensi, Nkem Nwankwo, Onuorah Nzekwu, Gabriel Okara, and Wole Soyinka. The Ghanaian Ayi Kwei Armah and the Gambian-born Sierra Leonean William Conton are also dealt with. Has an extensive bibliography and index.

Ogbaa, Kalu. Understanding Things Fall Apart: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 T5365 1999)

Ogbaa's book alternates commentary with extracts from texts on African and Nigerian history, on Igbo cultural, linguistic and religious traditions, and on the African language choice debate, which help to contextualize Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart. The book also includes a glossary and index.

Ogede, Ode. Achebe and the Politics of Representation. Trenton and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z847 2001)

Ogede's monograph re-appraises Achebe's early novels as imitative texts, which ironically depend upon conventions of satire and tragedy borrowed from Europe in order to reverse European assumptions about Africans. He then suggests that much more attention should be paid to Achebe's neglected later works, which are far more ideologically and aesthetically innovative.

Ogude, James. Ngugi's Novels and African History: Narrating the Nation. London: Pluto Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z82 1999)

A book length study of Ngugi's novels, in relation to their cultural and historical contexts. Includes a detailed bibliography and index.

Ojinmah, Umelo. Chinua Achebe: New Perspectives. Ibadan: Spectrum Books, 1991. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z848 1991)

A short monograph on Achebe's writings, with an extensive bibliography.

Ojo-Ade, Femi. Ken Saro-Wiwa: A Bio-Critical Study. New York and Lagos: Africana Legacy Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9387.9.S37 Z4 1999)

A painstaking book-length study of Saro-Wiwa's life and work. Has a very comprehensive bibliography, but no index.

Okechukwu, Chinwe Christiana. Achebe the Orator: The Art of Persuasion in Chinua Achebe's Novels. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001. (RheesPR9387.9.A3 Z849 2001)

A monograph devoted to Achebe's thematization of persuasion in his novels, and his rhetorical praxis. Has an extensive bibliography and index.

Okpewho, Isidore, ed. Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart : A Casebook. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 T52397 2003)

A collection of previously published essays, with an introduction by Okpewho, and brief "Suggested Reading" list.Okome, Onookome, ed. Before I Am Hanged: Ken Saro-Wiwa: Literature, Politics and Dissent. Trenton and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2000. (Rhees PR9387.9.S27 Z57 2000)

A collection of fifteen critical essays about Ken Saro-Wiwa.

Omotoso, Kole. Achebe or Soyinka?: A Study in Contrasts. London: Hans Zell, 1996. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z855 1996)

A comparative study of the lives and work of Chinua Achebe and Wole Soyinka.

Osa, Osayimwense. African Children's and Youth Literature. New York: Twayne, 1995. (Rhees PR9344 .O8 1995)

A study of Anglophone African literature for children and young adults, with an emphasis on Agbo Areo, Ben Chirasha, Cyprian Ekwensi, Buchi Emecheta, David Maillu, Jide Oguntoye, and Philip Phil-Ebosie. Osa is particularly interested in themes of initiation into adulthood, love and marriage, and war. The book's introduction provides a valuable but brief survey of previous scholarship on African children's literature, and a bibliography and index are also included.

Palmer, Eustace. The Growth of the African Novel. London: Heinemann, 1979. (Rhees PR9344 .P3)

An early survey of the history of the African novel, with chapters on Amos Tutuola, Cyprian Ekwensi, Chinua Achebe, T. M. Aluko, Mongo Beti, Ferdinand Oyono, Sembene Ousmane, Yambo Ouologuem, Ayi Kwei Armah, Wole Soyinka, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, and Meja Mwangi.

Palmer, Eustace. An Introduction to the African Novel. New York: Africana, 1972. (Rhees PR9798 .P17i)

An early introductory survey, with chapters devoted to Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Chinua Achebe, Camara Laye, Elechi Amadi, Ayi Kwei Armah, Mongo Beti, and Gabriel Okara. Includes a bibliography and index.

Quayson, Ato. Strategic Transformations in Nigerian Writing: Orality and History in the Work of Rev. Samuel Johnson, Amos Tutuola, Wole Soyinka and Ben Okri. Oxford: James Currey, 1997. (Rhees PR9387 .Q39 1997)

A careful study of how Johnson, Tutuola, Soyinka and Okri have strategically positioned their writing in relation to indigenous cultural resources.

Sallah, Tijan M., and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. Chinua Achebe: Teacher of Light: A Biography. Trenton and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2003. (Rhees PR9387.9.A3 Z873 2003)

A biography of Chinua Achebe. Although only 150 pages long, it provides many useful details about different phases of Achebe's life. Also includes photographs, an index and a brief bibliography.

Shava, Piniel Viriri. A People's Choice: Black South African Writing in the Twentieth Century. London: Zed Books, 1989. (Rhees PR9358.2.B57 S54 1989)

A study of Black South African fiction, autobiography, poetry and township theatre, and its relationship to South African politics. Chronologically organized, with most of its emphasis on writing of the 1960s and 1970s. A bibliography and index are included.


Soyinka, Wole. Art, Dialogue and Outrage: Essays on Literature and Culture. Ibadan: New Horn Press, 1988. (Rhees PR9387.9.S6 A88 1988)

A collection of Soyinka's essays on literature and culture, with an introduction by Biodun Jeyifo. Includes his famous essay, "Neo-Tarzanism: The Poetics of Pseudo-Tradition," with its critique of the ideas of Chinweizu, Jemie, and Madubuike.

Soyinka, Wole. Myth, Literature and the African World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976. (Rhees PL8010 .S64)

Soyinka's monograph is an analysis of the interconnections of myth, ritual and literature in Africa.

Taiwo, Oladele. Culture and the Nigerian Novel. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1976. (Rhees PR9387.4 .T3)

A study of the ways in which Nigerian novelists present indigenous Nigerian culture, transliterating traditional customs, beliefs and attitudes into a twentieth century context. The book offers close readings of novels by Joyce Cary, D.T. Niane, Thomas Mofolo, Tafawa Balewa, Obi Egbuna, Adaora Ulasi, Nkem Nwankwo, Gabriel Okara, Amos Tutuola, Chinua Achebe, T. M. Aluko, Onuora Nzekwu, and Elechi Amadi. Also includes a bibliography and index.

Udoeyop, Nyong J. Three Nigerian Poets: A Critical Study of the Poetry of Soyinka, Clark and Okigbo. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press, 1973. (Rhees PR9387.2 .U3)

A study of the poetry of Wole Soyinka, John Pepper Clark and Christopher Okigbo, with a bibliography and index.

Umeh, Marie, ed. Emerging Perspectives on Buchi Emecheta. Trenton and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 1996. (Rhees PR 9387.9 .E36 Z66 1966)

A collection of 24 essays about Buchi Emecheta and her fiction, which also includes an interview, a chronology, a bibliography, maps, photographs, and an index.

Williams, Patrick. Ngugi wa Thiong'o. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9381.9.N45 Z93 1999)

A good introductory survey of Ngugi's writings, which concludes with a brief overview of critical responses to Ngugi. Also has a bibliography and index.

Wright, Derek, ed. The Critical Evaluation of African Literature. London: Heinemann, 1973. (Rhees PR9340.5 .W7)

A collection of early critical essays on Wole Soyinka, Cyprian Ekwensi, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Christopher Okigbo, and J.-J. Rabearivelo.

Wright, Derek, ed. Contemporary African Fiction. Bayreuth: Bayreuth African Studies, 1997. (Rhees PR9344 .C65 1997)

A collection of essays devoted to African fiction since 1980, divided into sections on Southern Africa, East Africa, and West Africa. Writers covered include J. M. Coetzee, Mtutuzeli Matshoba, Njabulo Ndebele, Bessie Head, Yvonne Vera, Abdulrazak Gurnah, Lindsey Collen, Ben Okri, Calixthe Beyala, Ken Saro-Wiwa, Kwame Anthony Appiah, and T. O. Echewa.



Agosto, Noraida. Michelle Cliff's Novels: Piecing the Tapestry of Memory and History. New York: Peter Lang, 1999. (Rhees PR9265.9.C55 Z53 1999)

A book-length study of Michelle Cliff's novels, which argues that Cliff represents memory as the part of history that has been suppressed because of its revolutionary potential, and that her novels are an attempt to recover erased and devalued memories. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Baer, William, ed. Conversations with Derek Walcott. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1996. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z477 1996)

A collection of previously published interviews with Walcott, conducted by different interviewers between 1966 and 1993. Includes a detailed index.


Barbour, Douglas. Michael Ondaatje. New York: Twayne, 1993. (Rhees PR9199.3.O5 Z58 1993)

The second book-length study of Ondaatje's work. Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of Ondaatje's career; chapter 2 tackles his early poetry; chapter 3 tackles The Collected Works of Billy the Kid; and chapter 4 analyzes his maturing poetics. Chapter 5 is devoted to Coming Through Slaughter; chapter 6 to Running in the Family; chapter 7 to Secular Love; chapter 8 to In the Skin of a Lion; and the afterword comments briefly on The English Patient. Also includes a chronology, index, annotated bibliography, and endnotes.


Breiner, Laurence. An Introduction to West Indian Poetry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. (Rhees PR9212 .B65 1998)

Intended as a general introduction for readers of poetry approaching Anglophone Caribbean poetry for the first time, Breiner's monograph emphasizes the history of West Indian literary culture, and the relationship between West Indian writing and writing from other parts of the Caribbean, Europe, Africa, and America. Chapter 1 focuses on issues of audience, and the cultural and political roles poets play in the highly verbal West Indian society. Chapter 2 examines the shared history of the Caribbean Basin, emphasizing the broader, non-Anglophone regional context. Chapter 3 presents the distinct histories of poetry in Jamaica, Trinidad, Guyana, Barbados, St. Lucia, and the smaller territories, and concludes with a history of the idea of a comprehensive "West Indian" literature. Chapter deals with the emergence of West Indian poetry in the shadow of the English literary tradition. Chapter 5 deals with the use of Africa as providing an alternative tradition, emphasizing 1960s and 1970s poetry. Chapter 6 is devoted to poets who aspire to set aside history and center their work on a poetics of place, as well as poets like Walcott and Braithwaite who seek to articulate "the fullness of the Caribbean experience." Includes an index, extensive endnotes, and a brief guide to further reading.


Breslin, Paul. Nobody's Nation: Reading Derek Walcott. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z545 2001)

Breslin argues that Walcott's work is centrally concerned with West Indies' imputed absence from history and lack of cohesive national identity. Breslin contends that Walcott views this lack as providing an open space for creation, allowing him to imaginatively confront, contest and remake West Indian history. Breslin provides close readings of all of Walcott's major works, and uses both extensive archival research and interviews with Walcott himself. One of the most significant studies of Walcott's writing.


Brown, Lloyd W. West Indian Poetry. Second Edition. London: Heinemann, 1984. (Rhees PR9212 .B7 1984)

A revised edition of Brown's 1978 study. Chapter 1 deals with poetry from 1760 to 1940. Chapter 2 deals with the poems of Claude McKay. Chapter deals with the emergence of modern West Indian poetry between 1940 and 1960. Chapter 4 deals with the oral tradition and performance poets like calypsonian "Sparrow" Slinger Francisco and Jamaican dialect poet Louise Bennett. Chapter 5 is devoted to Derek Walcott, chapter 6 to Edward Kamau Braithwaite, and chapter 7 to an overview of West Indian poetry since 1960. Includes a bibliography, chronology and index.


Brown, Stewart, ed. The Art of Derek Walcott. Dufour: Seren Books, 1991. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z55 1991)

A collection of essays on Walcott's writings, with an extensive bibliography and brief index.


Burnett, Paula. Derek Walcott: Politics and Poetics. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z55 2000)

An attempt to read Walcott's work in terms of his own exposition of his thinking, in his essays and interviews, and to map out his aesthetic strategies by close readings of his poetic and dramatic texts. Part 1 deals with his conceptualization of his aesthetic project: his modeling of a different kind of subjectivity from that familiar to Western psychological theories; his mapping of a sense of place; his conflicting attitudes to history; and his use of myth. Part 2 deals with his craft: his demotic and ludic approach to language; his epic method in his long poems; his use of intertextuality and its aesthetic and polemical implications; and his creation of epic dramas and pageant-plays.


Callahan, Lance. In the Shadows of Divine Perfection: Derek Walcott's Omeros. New York and London: Routledge, 2003. (Rhees )

Callahan's short monograph is devoted to demonstrating that Omeros is configured so as to install the concept of interjacence as the central functional tenet of West Indian society. Callahan argues that Walcott "deplys a number of interlocking strategies of misdirection to wedge the poem into the space created by the force of the mutual exclusion of binary pairings, showing the nature of the Caribbean attempt to access this space to be unique." He thus devotes the first chapter to the poem's metrical mis/directions, the second to figurative and structural uncertainty, and the third to theoretical ambiguity. A works cited, endnotes and an index are included.


Cudjoe, Selwyn R. V. S. Naipaul: A Materialist Reading. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1988. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z65 1988)

A political reading of Naipaul's oeuvre, which, Cudjoe argues, activates Orientalist intertexts in the reader's mind, helping to concretize a well-defined ideological position.


Dabydeen, David, and Nana Wilson-Tagoe. A Reader's Guide to Westindian and Black British Literature. Revised Edition. London: Hansib, 1997. (Rhees PR9210 .D33 1997)

A revised version of Dabydeen and Tagoe's 1988 book, divided into two parts, one on West Indian literature, and the other on Black British literature. The section on West Indian literature is organized into short thematic chapters, dealing with themes like anti-imperialism and nationalism, the treatment of race, the theme of childhood, the treatment of women, the theme of migration, the Rastafarian, post-independence critiques, carnival, and calypso. The section on Black British literature deals with notions of "otherness" in British literature on Blacks, and with writers such as Olaudah Equiano, Mary Seacole, and Samuel Selvon. An annotated bibliography and brief index are included.


Dhondy, Farrukh. C. L. R. James: A Life. New York: Pantheon Books, 2001. (Rhees PR9272.9.J35 Z66 2001)

A concise biography of C.L.R. James.


Ferguson, Moira. Jamaica Kincaid: Where the Land Meets the Body. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1994. (Rhees PR9275.A583 K5644 1994)

The first book-length study of Jamaica Kincaid's writings, emphasizing their entwinement of personal and political identity. Drawing parallels between the dynamics of the mother-daughter relationship in Kincaid's fiction, and the more political relationship of the colonizer and the colonized, Ferguson terms this effect the "doubled mother" -- a conception of motherhood as both biological and colonial. Includes a chronology, bibliography, index, and endnotes.


Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne, 1981. (Rhees PR9214 .G5)

An early study of the evolution of the West Indian novel. Chapter 1 deals with the "pioneers": De Lisser, Mendes, Mais, and Mittelholzer. Chapter 2 deals with the later "exiles": Lamming, Naipaul, and St. Omer. Chapter 3 is devoted to two major "classics" of childhood -- Reid's New Day and Lamming's In the Castle of My Skin. Chapter 4 examines W.H. Hudson's Green Mansions, and more recent work by Denis Williams and Wilson Harris. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, an index, and a chronology.


Goldstraw, Irma E. Derek Walcott: An Annotated Bibliography of His Works. New York and London: Garland, 1984. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z67)

An excellent annotated bibliography, consisting of separate bibliographies for Walcott's books of poetry; his individually published poems; his poems broadcast on BBC Caribbean Voices; his published plays; his published collections of plays; his essays, addresses and comments; his contributions to periodicals; his interviews; his recordings; and his unpublished plays. A chronology and comprehensive index are also provided.


Gupta, Suman. V. S. Naipaul. Plymouth: Northcote House, 1999. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z68 1999)

A very brief introduction to Naipaul's literary career. Chapter 1 provides a very brief introduction to the nature of Naipaul's writing, and argues that it reveals "a certain superficiality of perception, a penchant for writing books as an end in itself, rather than writing books as a means of communication." Chapter 2 deals with Naipaul's first four books, Miguel Street, The Mystic Masseur, The Suffrage of Elvira, and A House for Mr. Biswas; chapter 3 on his fiction published in the 1960s; chapter 4 on his 1960s non-fiction; chapter 5 on his 1975 novel, Guerrillas, and the ways in which it deals with blackness; chapter 6 on his later books, The Enigma of Arrival, A Turn in the South, and A Way in the World; chapter 7 on his writings about Islam; and chapter 8 on his writings about India. Also includes a bibliography, index and endnotes.


Hamner, Robert D. Epic of the Dispossessed: Derek Walcott's Omeros. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1997. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 O4434 1997)

An insightful and lucid book-length study of Omeros, with an extensive bibliography and index.


Hamner, Robert D. Derek Walcott. Updated Edition. Boston: Twayne, 1993. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z69 1993)

A general introduction to Walcott's life and work, revising Hamner's original 1981 edition. Chapter 1 offers a general survey of the literary situation in the West Indies, outlines the phases of his development and identifies unifying features. Chapter 2 deals with his career from 1948 to 1958, and especially useful for offering information about Walcott's early Caribbean-published volumes of poetry. Chapter 3 deals with his career from 1958 to 1967; chapter 4 with 1967 to 1973; chapter 5 with 1973-1981; chapter 6 with his career since 1981, while in residence in the United States; and chapter 7 with his articles, essays and interviews. The original edition was the first study to discuss Walcott's published and unpublished plays, and his journalism for the Trinidad Guardian; that material remains intact in the revised edition. A chronology, bibliography, index and endnotes are all provided.


Hamner, Robert D, ed. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Washington: Three Continents Press, 1993. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z57 1993)

A collection of forty critical essays and reviews of Walcott's writings, from the 1940s to the 1990s. Also includes 8 essays by Walcott himself, two interviews, an index, and an invaluable partially annotated bibliography of primary and secondary sources.


Hamner, Robert D.  V. S. Naipaul. New York: Twayne, 1973. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z7)

A good, but very dated, general introduction to Naipaul's life and work. Chapter 1 deals with his representations of the West Indies in A Flag on the Island, In a Free State, The Middle Passage, An Area of Darkness, and The Loss of El Dorado; chapter 2 analyzes the structure and technique of Naipaul's first eight novels; chapter 3 analyzes Naipaul's use of setting, characterization, imagery and symbolism; chapter 4 analyzes Naipaul's use of satire; and chapter 5 deals with his recurring central themes.


Harney, Stefano. Nationalism and Identity: Culture and the Imagination in a Caribbean Diaspora. London: Zed Books, 1996. (Rhees PR9272 .H37 1996)

Stefano's study compares European scholarly models of nationalism and ethnicity with the imaginings of Trinidad by such essayists as V. S. Naipaul, C. L. R. James, Willi Chen, Valerie Belgrave, Michael Anthony, Samuel Selvon, Neil Bissoondath, and Earl Lovelace. Includes a bibliography and index.


Ismond, Patricia. Abandoning Dead Metaphors: The Caribbean Phase of Derek Walcott's Poetry. Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z694 2001)

A study of Walcott's poetry during the Caribbean phase of his career (1946-1981), devoted in particular to his subversive counter-discourse with the European tradition of metaphors.


Jussawalla, Feroza, ed. Conversations with V. S. Naipaul. Jackson: University of Mississippi, 1997. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z55 1997)

A collection of previously published interviews with Naipaul, conducted by different people between 1960 and 1995.


King, Bruce. Derek Walcott: A Caribbean Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z72 2000)

A definitive literary biography, based on extensive research in the West Indies.


King, Bruce. V. S. Naipaul. Second Edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z749 2003)

A lucid and accessible introduction to Naipaul's oeuvre. Aside from detailed discussions of Naipaul's fiction and non-fiction, there is also a chapter on Naipaul's critics, and two appendices, one on Naipaul's family, the other on Trinidad and Guyana. Also has a bibliography, index, and notes.


King, Bruce, ed. West Indian Literature. Hamden: Archon Books, 1979. (Rhees PR9210 .W4 1979b)

An early collection of essays, by leading early critics. Includes survey essays devoted to pre-1930 literature; literature of the 1930s and 1940s; literature of the 1950s; and literature of the 1960s and 1970s. Also includes essays devoted to individual authors, specifically Edgar Mittelholzer, Samuel Selvon, George Lamming, Derek Walcott, V. S. Naipaul, Wilson Harris, Jean Rhys, and Edward Braithwaite.


King, Nicole. C. L. R. James and Creolization: Circles of Influence. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2001. (Rhees PR9272.9.J35 Z75 2001)

An attempt at a unified approach to James's diverse output. King argues that James's writings fit the model of creolization, because each is influenced by diverse types of discourses.


Lane, Dorothy F. The Island as Site of Resistance: An Examination of Caribbean and New Zealand Texts. New York: Peter Lang, 1995. (Rhees PR9210.5 .L36 1995)

Lane is concerned with how, whereas the island is a prominent figure of enclosure in literature, frequently linked to issues of power and control, and hence to colonialism, various New Zealand and Caribbean texts challenge imperialist island discourse. Texts examined include stories by Katherine Mansfield, Witi Ihimaera's Dear Miss Mansfield, Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea, Phyllis Allfrey's The Orchid House, John Hearne's Land of the Living and The Sure Salvation, Janet Frame's The Carpathians, and Derek Walcott's Pantomime. Includes a bibliography and index.


Lilla, Barbara. Defining Jamaican Fiction: Marronage and the Discourse of Survival. Tuscaloosa and London: The University of Alabama Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9265.4 .L35 1996)

A thematic study of the ways in which marronage (the process of flight by slaves from their masters and their establishment of their own hegemonies in wild or inhospitable areas) surfaces in Jamaican oral and literary tales. Includes endnotes, an extensive bibliography, and an index.


Looker, Mark. Atlantic Passages: History, Community, and Language in the Fiction of Sam Selvon. New York: Peter Lang, 1996. (Rhees PR9272.9.S4 Z76 1996)

The second book-length study of Selvon's fiction, Looker's monograph emphasizes viewing Selvon's fiction as a coherent whole, rather than as the product of a divided temperament, whose career and writings should be separated into class and geographic dualities, such as "Trinidad and London," and "peasant and cosmopolitan." Looker strives for close readings informed by careful attention to historical, social and cultural contexts, devoting a whole chapter to each of Selvon's novels. Has an extensive bibliography, endnotes, and index.


McWatt, Mark A., ed. West Indian Literature and its Social Context: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Conference on West Indian Literature. Cave Hill, Barbados: Department of English, University of the West Indies, 1985. (Rhees PR9210.A515 C66 1984)

A selection of papers from the fourth annual conference on West Indian literature, jointly sponsored by the University of the West Indies, the College of the Virgin Islands, and the University of Guyana, in 1984. The collection is arranged into four sections. The first emphasizes historical contexts, offering close readings of H. G. Delisser, Ralph de Boissiere, George Lamming, and Paule Marshall. The second is devoted to literature as performance, and the third to sexuality in V. S. Naipaul's fiction. The third offers readings of social and political fiction by Naipaul, Trevor Rhone, Earl Lovelace, and Neville Dawes, and of recent popular fiction.


Mustafa, Fawzia. V. S. Naipaul. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z78 1995)

A magisterial overview of Naipaul's oeuvre, with an extensive bibliography, index and end notes.


Nielsen, Aldon Lynn. C. L. R. James: A Critical Introduction. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1997. (Rhees PR9272.9.J35 Z79 1997)

The first sustained treatment of C. L. R. James' writings as literature, rather than theory.


O'Callaghan, Evelyn. Women Writing the West Indies, 1804-1939. London and New York: Routledge, 2004. (Rhees PR9210.5 .O23 2004)

A pioneering study of previously unknown or marginal West Indian writing by women, in the form of novels, stories, homilies, memoirs, letters, travel journals, and autobiographies. Chapter 1 deals with representations of white women in the West Indies; chapter deals with their relationships with black women; chapters 3, 4 and 5 deal with female representations of the West Indies; and chapter 6 surveys contemporary theoretical debates on colonial discourse. Includes detailed endnotes, an extensive bibliography, and an index.


Paquet, Sandra. The Novels of George Lamming. London: Heinemann, 1982. (Rhees PR9230.9.L25 Z82 1982)

An introductory survey of Lamming's fiction, with a chapter devoted to each of his novels.


Paravisini-Gilbert, Lizabeth. Jamaica Kincaid: A Critical Companion. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9275.A583 K566 1999 )

A lucid book-length study of Jamaica Kincaid's, directed primarily at high school students. Chapter 1 offers a substantial biographical essay, with an emphasis on Kincaid's early life; chapter 2 provides a general overview of her writing; the remaining four chapters are devoted to close readings of her three novels and collection of short stories. Includes a comprehensive and well-organized bibliography, and an index.


Ramchand, Kenneth. An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature. Kingston, Jamaica: Thomas Nelson, 1976. (Rhees PR9210 .R35)

Based on Ramchand's lectures at the University of the West Indies (Mona Campus) in the early 1970s. Chapters are devoted to H. G. Lisser's Jane's Career, Roger Mais' The Hills Were Joyful Together, V. S. Reid's New Day, George Lamming's In the Castle of My Skin; Samuel Selvon's A Brighter Sun; V. S. Naipaul's A House for Mr. Biswas, Jean Rhys' Wide Sargasso Sea, Michael Antony's The Games Were Coming, and Wilson Harris' The Secret Ladder, as well as to the writings of Derek Walcott and Edward Kamau Braithwaite. A brief bibliography is also included.


Rampersad, Kris. Finding a Place: Indo-Trinidadian Literature. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle, 2002. (Rhees PR9272 .R36 2002)

Rampersad's monograph examines the evolution of Trinidadian literary consciousness between 1850 and 1950, with an emphasis on Indo-Trinidadian writing in eleven little known periodicals. Chapter 1 deals with the survival and evolution of Indo-Trinidadian oral culture. Chapter 2 examines the evolving uses of both Indian languages and English by Indo-Trinidadians. Chapter 3 centers on the first Indo-Trinidadian periodical, The Indian Koh-i-noor Gazette of 1898-1899. Chapter 4 deals with The East Indian Herald and The East Indian Patriot, both important periodicals of the early 1920s. Chapter 5 undertakes an in-depth analysis of The East Indian Weekly, which was published from 1928 to 1932. Chapter 6 deals with sporadic and short-lived periodicals from the 1930s, such as The West Indian Magnet, The East Indian Advocate, and The Indian, as well as The Beacon and The Minerva Review, a literary magazine of the early 1940s. Chapter 7 examines The Indian Centenary Review of 1945, and The Observer and The Spectator, both journals of great prominence in the 1940s and 1950s. Includes a bibliography, an index, and, as appendices, reprints a couple of Seeparsad Naipaul's essays from the 1930s.


Reiss, Timothy J., ed. For the Geography of a Soul: Emerging Perspectives on Kamau Brathwaite. Trenton and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9230.9.B68 Z68 2001)

A festschrift for Brathwaite, including creative work by contemporaries and younger writers influenced by him; literary and cultural criticism; and historical essays and memoirs. Included are poems by Linton Kwesi Johnson, Olive Senior, Mervyn Morris, Honor Ford-Smith, Roberto Fernandez Retamar, Cynthia James, Elaine Savory, Lorna Goodison, M. NorbeSe Philip, Pamela Mordecai, and Isis Costa, and fiction by John Chiole and Erna Brodber, all influenced by Brathwaite. Memoirs of Brathwaite by Ralph Jemmott, John La Rose, and Rex Nettleford are also included. The bulk of the volume, however, consists of historical and critical essays by Marys Conde, Pamela Mordecai, Velma Pollard, Mark McWatt, Elaine Savory, Enrique Lima, Korah L. Belgrave, J. Edward Chamberlin, Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Mervyn C. Alleyne, J. Michael Dash, Richard L. W. Clark, Silvio Torres-Saillant, Gordon Rohlehr, Rhonda Cobham, Mary E. Morgan, Joan Dayan, Cynthia James, Hilary Beckles, and Patricia J. Penn Hilden, dealing with issues such as Brathwaite's relationship to other figures in the first major generation of Caribbean writers; the centrality of female characters in his work; his use of changing rhythms; parallels between his poetics and those of William Blake, T. S. Eliot, and Edouard Glissant; his use of "nation language," "tidalectics" and creolization; and his relationship to his sociopolitical context. Includes an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary materials, and an index.


Salick, Roydon. The Novels of Samuel Selvon: A Critical Study. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9272.9.S4 Z88 2001)

A monograph, consisting of ten critical essays, each devoted to one of Selvon's novels. Following Susheila Nasta, instead of dividing the novels linguistically, into "straight" and "dialect," or geographically, into Trinidad and London novels, Salick divides them by class, and thus organizes his monograph into three sections: the first deals with Selvon's peasant novels; the second, with his middle-class novels; and the third, with his immigrant novels. The author notes that his essays represent "a conscious effort toward reevaluation," and toward correcting the lopsided emphasis on Selvon's language among his critics. A bibliography of primary and secondary sources, and an index, are included.


Sander, Reinhard W. The Trinidad Awakening: West Indian Literature of the Nineteen-Thirties. Westport: Greenwood, 1988. (Rhees PR9272 .S24 1988)

Chapter 1 furnishes historical background about Trinidad between 1919 and 1938. Chapter 2 examines nonfiction contributed to the magazines Trinidad and The Beacon in the early 1930s. Chapter 3 surveys the poetry and short stories of the 1930s. Chapters 4, 5, and 6 are devoted to specific literary figures: Alfred H. Mendes, C. L. R. James, and Ralph de Boissiere. Includes a bibliography and index.


Simmons, Diane. Jamaica Kincaid. New York: Twayne, 1994. (Rhees PR9275.A583 K567 1994)

The second book-length study of Simmons' fiction. Includes a chronology, brief bibliography, index, and endnotes.


Smilowitz, Erika Sollish, and Roberta Quarles Knowles, eds. Critical Issues in West Indian Literature: Selected Papers from West Indian Literature Conferences, 1981-1983. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. (Rhees PR9210.A515 C74 1984)

A selection of papers from the first three annual conferences on West Indian literature sponsored by the University of the West Indies in 1981, 1982, and 1983. Authors dealt with include George Lamming, Una Marson, Roy Heath, Earl Lovelace, Samuel Selvon, and V. S. Naipaul.


Theroux, Paul. V. S. Naipaul: An Introduction to His Work. New York: Africana Publishing Corporation, 1972. (Rhees PR9272.9.N32 Z9)

A slim, early study of Naipaul's fiction, organized mostly by character-types. Includes a brief bibliography.


Thieme, John. Derek Walcott. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9272.9.W3 Z85 1999)

A comprehensive overview of Walcott's career and writings, and various contexts and intertexts which have shaped him as a writer. There is also a short final chapter summarizing some of the main strands in Walcott criticism. Has an extensive bibliography, index, and endnotes.


Worcester, Kent. C. L. R. James: A Political Biography. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9272.9.J35 Z93 1996)

A concise biography, with most of its emphasis on the evolution of James' political thinking and career. Includes a glossary of names, a selective annotated bibliography of secondary materials on James, extensive endnotes, and an index.


Wyke, Clement. Sam Selvon's Dialectical Style and Fictional Strategy. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1991. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

The first book-length study of Selvon's fiction.




Alam, Fakrul. Bharati Mukherjee. New York: Twayne, 1996. (Rhees PR9499.3.M77 Z516 1996)

Alam's monograph is simultaneously thematically and chronologically organized. The first chapter provides a brief overview of Mukherjee's life and work. The second chapter, "An Exile's Perspective on 'Home'," focuses on Mukherjee's writings about Calcutta, examining her first published novel, The Tiger's Daughter (1972), and the non-fiction book, Days and Nights in Calcutta (1977), co-authored with her husband, Clark Blaise. The third chapter, "The Aloofness of Expatriation," focuses on her writings about Canada, offering readings of her novel Wife (1975), and her collection of short stories, Darkness (1984). The fourth chapter, "The Exuberance of Immigration," centers on Mukherjee's writings about immigrants to the United States, specifically The Middleman and Other Stories (1988) and Jasmine (1989). The fifth chapter, "A Hunger for Connectedness," examines her 1993 novel, The Holder of the World (1993).

Bhargava, Rajul, ed. Indian Writing in English: The Last Decade. Jaipur and New Delhi: Rawat, 2002. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

A collection of short essays based on papers presented at a National Seminar in the Department of English, University of Rajasthan, in 1999. The essays are all by Indian critics; writers discussed include Keki Daruwalla, Githa Hariharan, Arundhati Roy, Manju Kapoor, Bharati Mukherjee, Shauna Singh Baldwin, I. Allan Sealy, Amitav Ghosh, Romen Basu, K. A. Abbas and Manjula Padmanabhan. Highlights are the survey essays by Jasbir Jain and Viney Kirpal.

Bharucha, Nilufer, and Vrinda Nabar, eds. Mapping Cultural Spaces: Postcolonial Indian Literature in English. New Delhi: Vision, 1998. (Rhees PR9489.6 .M37 1998)

This essay collection is broadly divided into three sections. The first, "Thematic Overviews," provides overviews of modern Indian poetry and fiction in English. The second, "Poets and Poetry," includes essays on Nissim Ezekiel, Keki Daruwalla, Imtiaz Dharker, and Vikram Seth. The third, "Novelists and Novels," includes essays on Kamala Markandaya, Salman Rushdie and Amitav Ghosh, amongst others.

Brians, Paul. Modern South Asian Literature in English. Westport: Greenwood, 2003. (Rhees PR9484.6 .B75 2003)

15 chapters, each devoted to a single Indian, Pakistani or Sri Lankan writer. Each chapter provides brief biographical background, a concise overview of the author's major works, and a sustained explication of a single work. The works focused on are: Rabindranath Tagore's Quartet, Raja Rao's Kanthapura, Khushwant Singh's Train to Pakistan, R. K. Narayan's The Guide, Attia Hosain's Sunlight on a Broken Column, Anita Desai's Games at Twilight, Bapsi Sidhwa's Cracking India, Bharati Mukherjee's Jasmine, Salman Rushdie's East, West, Shyam Selvadurai's Funny Boy, Rohinton Mistry's A Fine Balance, Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things, Michael Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Jhumpa Lahiri's Interpreter of Maladies, and Manil Suri's The Death of Vishnu.

Burton, Antoinette. Dwelling in the Archive: Women Writing House, Home and History in Late Colonial India. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. (Rhees PR9492.6.W6 B87 2003)

Burton's book argues for an expansion of what is deemed archival material, focusing on how women in late colonial India enlisted house and home as archives when writing history. She focuses on the writings of Janaki Majumdar, the daughter of W. C. Bonnerjee, who chronicled her family's transnational history; Cornelia Sorabji, the cosmopolitan lawyer who wrote about secluded women in the home; and Attia Hossain, the novelist who wrote about the trauma of partition.

Butcher, Maggie, ed. The Eye of the Beholder: Indian Writing in English. London: Commonwealth Institute, 1983. (Rhees PR9480 .E93 1983)

A collection of short papers originally presented at a seminar on Indian writing in English at the Commonwealth Institute in 1982. Contributors include Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Salman Rushdie, John Thieme, Maria Couto, Anita Desai, H. O. Nazareth, Meenakshi Mukherjee, Raja Rao, Mulk Raj Anand, C. D. Narasimhaiah, and Prabu S. Guptara.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2000. (Rhees D13.5.E85 C43 2000)

This landmark book, by one of the members of the editorial collective of Subaltern Studies, proposes that every case of transition to capitalism is also a case of translation of pre-existing worlds and their thought categories into the categories and self-understandings of capitalist modernity. The first half of the book critiques historicist ideas of history and historical time, and urges viewing transitions to capitalism as "translational" practices. The second half of the book attempts to exemplify how "translational histories" might be thought through and written, by exploring historically specific themes in the modernity of literate upper-caste Hindu Bengalis: the idea of the citizen-subject, "imagination" as an analytical category, ideas of civil society, patriarchal fraternities, public / private distinctions, secular reason, historical time, etc.

Chandra, Sudhir. The Oppressive Present: Literature and Social Consciousness in Colonial India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1992. (Rhees DS428 .S84 1992)

This book examines how the dominant structure of social consciousness in modern India took shape in the latter half of the nineteenth century, focusing on how the intelligentsia of north, central and east India responded to Western notions of the individual, the family, religion and the position of women. The texts analyzed are mostly in Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati and Marathi.

Chatterjee, Partha. The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993. (Rhees DS468 .C47 1993)

This book argues that Indian anticolonial nationalists divided their culture into material and spiritual spheres, claimed the spiritual sphere, represented by caste, religion, women, the family and peasants, imagined the nation into being in this spiritual sphere, and then prepared it for political contest with the British.

Das Gupta, Hemendra Nath. The Indian Stage. 4 vols. Calcutta, 1934-1944. [Publishers change with each volume.] (Rhees PK1711 .D22i)

This pioneering work is essentially a cultural history of Bengali drama. Vol. I is particularly useful for its careful history of the Bengali theatre (in both English and Bengali) from the Old Playhouse of mid-1700s Calcutta to the establishment of the Oriental Theatre in 1853. Vol. II gives a detailed account of the Bengali-language theatre from Kulinkulasarvasva Natak of 1856 to the passage of the draconian Dramatic Performances Act by the British in 1876. Vol. III focuses on 1877-1883, and includes chapters on the theatre in Gujarati and Marathi, while Vol. IV deals with 1900-1944, and includes chapters on Hindi-language and South Indian theatre. The first volume is of a high quality, and includes detailed descriptions of the rare primary sources it is based on: old maps of Calcutta, letters, memoirs, periodicals, many from the erstwhile Imperial Library of Calcutta. The quality of the research and writing deteriorates as the series progresses.


Devy, G. N. "Of Many Heroes": An Indian Essay in Literary Historiography. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1998. (Rhees PK 5407 .D49 1998)

This monograph, Devy's opus, focuses on understanding the conventions of literary historiography and the nature of historiographical consciousness in ancient, medieval, colonial and contemporary India, and the dependence of modern Western literary historiography on the colonial encounter. Beginning with an idiosyncratic conception of literary history as "basically an apparatus of canon formation, drawing and redrawing the boundaries of fields of literary production in terms of what is socially acceptable or unacceptable," he notes two paradigms of history, organic and analytical, associating the first with Rajashekhara and the second with Bhoja. He then examines Bhartrihari's writings on the dialectical relation between Time and human consciousness and explores the six categories of literature in the tenth century: suta, mantra, shastra, akshara, prakrit and sangam. He then devotes a chapter to analyzing "sectarian" literary history in pre-colonial India, focusing on the reception history of Jnanadeva's Bhavarthadipika, and another chapter to the emergence of modern literary historiography in Mughal India, in the form of tawarikhs and tadkiras. Subsequently, he briefly analyzes Thomas Warton's notion of "imaginative savages" and the Indological conception of Indian literary history as a history of decline, pioneered by Sir William Jones, and outlines how English literary history was constituted as a discipline during the Enlightenment in ways directly dependent on the colonial encounter. Providing a potted history of (the neglect of) literary education in Britain, he focuses on the conceptions of literary history expounded by R. S. Crane, Lukacs, and Jauss. He then explores opposing axes available to modern Indian literary historiography: universalist (Aurobindo Ghose's Future Poetry) or regionalist (the Marathi collection, Vangmayetihasaci Sankalpena); emphasizing national convergence (Sujit Mukherjee and Sisir Kumar Das) or divergence (Gayatri Spivak, Daya Pawar, Kumkum Sangari, Salman Rushdie); stressing heterodox modernity as a new literary tradition (U. R. Anantha Murthy), or modernity as resulting from a preconditioning tradition (Bhalchandra Nemade); viewing literature as an eternal recurrence (Ananda K. Coomaraswamy) or literature as a temporally conditioned and specific occurrence (Rajeev Patke). Emphasizing the need to take into account micro-level cultural transactions, he then focuses on notions of para-literature, which he defines as canonically excluded literature, or "non-classroom literature," that is, "all literature which is excluded from literary history," occupying a nebulous middle space between literature and non-literature. He argues that "the greatest use of literature teaching is that by using ambivalent literary signs for the construction of its pedagogic narratives, it allows the irrational elements in a culture a respectable articulation." Literature is thus a totemic system of signs which helps to keep a society integrated, to give it a sense of being a community; para-literature, by contrast, is a system of taboos. There is, thus, no essential difference between literature and para-literature, and canon formation is really determined by extra-literary considerations. He then examines Indian notions of swa (self) and para (other), and stresses the historical importance of translation in India, distinguishing between Western and traditional Indian conceptions of translation. After focusing on the dynamic relationship between orders, discourses and traditions, he observes that "literary history is a phenomenological strategy the need for which is felt by communities engaged in consolidating their newly formed or perceived identities by creating systems of literary totems and taboos."

Devy, G. N. After Amnesia: Tradition and Change in Indian Literary Criticism. London: Sangam, 1992. (Rhees PK5416 .D48 1992)

This monograph begins by frankly outlining the contemporary crisis of originality in Indian literary criticism, situating it as the result of "amnesia," a forgetting of continuous indigenous traditions of criticism. Arguing that reviving Sanskrit poetics, adopting entirely European concepts and methods, and attempting to synthesize European and Sanskrit critical thought are all unworkable avenues, Devy suggests closer study of the bhasa traditions of criticism, in regional Indian languages.

Devy, G. N. In Another Tongue: Essays on Indian English Literature. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1993. (Rhees PR9484.6 .D48 1993)

This is a collection of brief essays which anticipate Devy's later arguments in "Of Many Heroes": An Indian Essay in Literary Historiography. It begins with a brief overview of the history and present situation of English-language Indian writing, then examines the relationship between the constructs of "commonwealth literature" and "comparative literature." Other essays include an analysis of Aurobindo Ghose's theoretical essay, "The Sources of Poetry"; an exercise in applying the "culture-conflict" approach to Commonwealth literary history; a brief discussion of autobiography in Indian poetry; a close reading of Aurobindo Ghose's early epic, Ilion; essays on Indian fiction of the 1980s and Indian literature in English translation, a discussion of translation theory from an Indian perspective, an essay on the Sanskrit notion of parikrama (boundary crossing, travel), and an essay on English Studies in India.

Dhawan, R. K., ed. Explorations in Modern Indo-English Fiction. New Delhi: Bahri, 1982. (Rhees PR9492 .E96 1982)

A collection of short essays, by various Indian critics. The first section, "Themes and Methods," contains thematic essays, dealing with representations of identity, Partition, Independence, suffering and new morality in Indian English novels. The second, "The Pioneers," deals with Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao, and R. K. Narayan. The third, "The Popularizers," deals with Bhabhani Bhattacharya, Khushwant Singh and Manohar Malgonkar. The fourth, "Women Writers," deals with Kamala Markandaya, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala and Anita Desai.

Dhawan, R. K, ed. Three Contemporary Novelists: Khushwant Singh, Chaman Nahal, Salman Rushdie. New Delhi: Classical Publishing Company, 1985. (Rhees PR9492.5 .T48 1985)

A collection of essays on Singh, Nahal and Rushdie by various Indian critics.


Ghosh, Bishnupriya. When Borne Across: Literary Cosmopolitics in the Contemporary Indian Novel. New Brunswick, New Jersey and London: Rutgers University Press, 2004. (Rhees PR9492.5 .G47 2004)

Ghosh's monograph explores the fiction of South Asian "cosmopolitical" writers: Salman Rushdie, Vikram Chandra, Amitav Ghosh, Upamanyu Chatterjee, and Arundhati Roy. She focuses on the central paradox confronting these writers: while their fiction challenges and expands preconceived notions of Indian cultural identity, its commodification often counters their stated agenda, reinforcing incomplete and simplistic images of India and its writers. Ghosh's monograph is devoted to adapting conventional literary analysis to the realities of globalization.


Gooneratne, Yasmine. Silence, Exile and Cunning: The Fiction of Ruth Prawer Jhabvala. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1983. (Rhees PR9499.3.J5 Z68 1983)

A book-length study of Jhabvala's fiction until 1983, including her short stories and screenplays. In addition to close readings of Jhabvala's texts, the book provides useful biographical details, and has extensive notes, an index and an excellent bibliography.


Harrex, S. C. The Fire and the Offering, Vol. 1: The English Language Novel of India, 1935-1970. Calcutta: Writers Workshop, 1977. (Rhees PR9492.5 .H3)

Although very old, this monograph remains important for its introductory section's sensitive overview of issues and contexts relevant to Indian fiction in English. The rest of the book is devoted to commentary on novels by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, Mulk Raj Anand, Khushwant Singh, Bhabhani Bhattacharya, S. Menon Marath, Manohar Malgonkar, B. Rajan, Kamala Markandaya, and others.


Hogan, Patrick Colm, and Lalita Pandit, eds. Rabindranath Tagore: Universality and Tradition. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003. (Rhees PK1726 .R278 2003)

A collection of essays that emphasize the non-mystical Tagore, focusing on his criticisms of nationalism, his ideas on education and science, his novels The Home and the World and Gora, and his relation to William Butler Yeats.


Hubel, Teresa. Whose India?: The Independence Struggle in British and Indian Fiction and History. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9492.5 .H83 1996)

This book is an analysis of literary and historical texts by Indian and British writers during the final decades of the British Empire, with a focus on their competing attempts to define India as an imaginative construct. Writers examined include Rudyard Kipling, Jawaharlal Nehru, E. M. Forster, M. K. Gandhi, Sarah Jeannette Duncan, Mary Frances Billington, Jenny Fuller, Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati, Swarnakumari Devi Ghosal, Mulk Raj Anand, Philip Mason and Bhabani Bhattacharya.


Huggan, Graham. The Post-Colonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. (Rhees PR120.M55 H84 2001)

Huggan's project of examining the institutional processes whereby values are assigned to postcolonial texts is potentially an extremely intriguing one, as much work needs to be done on the relationship between postcolonial writing and the politics of publishing, distribution, reviewing and academic canon formation, as well as on disequilibria in the global English-language publishing industry. Huggan's book itself, however, is disappointing; its highlight is probably its fourth chapter, which provides a short history of the Booker Prize and an analysis of its management, adjudication and publicity procedures.


Indian Poetesses Past and Present. 2 vols. New Delhi: Ministry of Education, Social Welfare and Culture, Government of India, 1976. (Rhees PK2916 .I5)

Includes a chapter by A. K. Sethuraman on "Indian Poetesses in English," which focuses mainly on Toru Dutt, Sarojini Naidu, Kamala Das and Gauri Deshpande.


Kafka, Phillipa. On the Outside Looking In(dian): Indian Women Writers at Home and Abroad. New York: Peter Lang, 2003. (Rhees PR9488 .K34 2003)

Although its treatments of individual writers are brief, this book covers a broad range of Indian women writers, and is organized thematically. Chapter 1 analyzes early feminist responses to the British, and feminist writings of the nationalist era; chapter 2 examines activist women writers' struggles to end the caste and gender oppression of tribals and landless women. Chapter 3 deals with expatriate and immigrant women writers. Chapter 4 deals with Indian activist women writers' campaigns against domestic violence and the suppression of female sexuality. Chapter 5 examines solutions to gender issues proposed by contemporary South Asian women writers. Kafka's bibliography is extensive.


Khair, Tabish. Babu Fictions: Alienation in Contemporary Indian English Novels. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9492.6.A45 K53 2001)

Khair's book develops an opposition between Coolie (economically deprived, rural, non-English speaking) and Babu (middle or upper class, urban, English-speaking), then poses the question of whether it is possible to write fiction about Indians in English without "appropriating from a position of power or occluding Coolie / non-Babu realities and discourses." He thus focuses on whether Indian writing in English constitutes a hegemonic narration which denies both agency and voice to the subaltern classes and on the dual positioning of Babu fictions as literature written by a privileged section of a once-colonized people, which is thus both elite and subaltern. The first chapter defines his terms; the second chapter provides a potted history of Indian English fiction, in which socio-linguistic issues are consistently foregrounded; the third and fourth chapters re-theorize the rhetoric of exile and the myth of hybridity; the fifth chapter examines the impact of writing in English on representation, worldview, plot and style. Chapters 6, 7 and 8 focus on demarcations of caste, class and gender used by Babus to claim subaltern sites of enunciation. Chapters 9, 10, 11 and 12 focus on "four distinctive versions of Babu narrations," those of Raja Rao, R. K. Narayan, V. S. Naipaul and Salman Rushdie. Chapter 13 focuses on Amitav Ghosh's Calcutta Chromosome as a "brilliant effort to cope with the problem" of alienation.


King, Bruce. Modern Indian Poetry in English. Revised Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

An expanded and updated version of King's 1987 book. Part I consists of the text of the original edition, republished without alterations, furnishing an overview of the history of modern Indian poetry in English, publishing circles in India, the social profiles of the poets and their readers, the market for poetry in India, canons and anthologies, and modern Indian poetics and criticism. Chapters are also devoted to groups of poets, such as bilingual experimentalists, women, and exiles. Poets covered include Nissim Ezekiel, A. K. Ramanujan, Gieve Patel, Keki N. Daruwalla, Shiv Kumar, Saleem Peeradina, Eunice de Souza, Manohar Shetty, Melanie Silgardo, Kamala Das, Arun Kolatkar, Dilip Chitre, Vikram Seth, Adil Jussawalla, R. Parthasarathy, A. K. Mehrotra, and Jayanta Mahapatra. Part II consists of five new chapters, one on Agha Shahid Ali, one on publishing from 1987 to 1999, one on recent collections by established poets, and two on new poets. A chronology and index are included, as are three charts: one tabulating biographical information about poets; one tabulating anthologies, publishers, and awards; and one charting important anthologized poems.


Jayasuriya, Wilfrid. Sri Lanka's Modern English Literature: A Case Study in Literary Theory. New Delhi: Navrang, 1994. (Rhees ) Joshi, Priya. In Another Country: Colonialism, Culture, and the English Novel in India. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002. (Rhees PR9492.2 .J68 2002)

This book analyzes how, first Indian readers, and then Indian writers, indigenized the English novel in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The first three chapters are devoted to nineteenth century Indian book history, tracing patterns of importation of British fiction, of its circulation in Indian libraries, and focusing in-depth on the series of cheap reprints produced by Macmillan from the 1880s onwards, specifically for the colonies.

Mukherjee, Meenakshi. The perishable empire : essays on Indian writing in English. Oxford University Press, 2000. (Rhees PR9489.6 .M85 2000)

Ten chronologically arranged essays, six of them reworkings of previously published essays, on nineteenth and twentieth century Indian writers in English. Writers dealt with include Kylas Chunder Dutt, Soshee Chunder Dutt, Lal Behari Day, K.K. Sinha, Sarat Kumar Ghosh, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Krupa Satthianadhan, Toru Dutt, Sarojini Naidu, Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Amitav Ghosh, and Salman Rushdie.


Mukherjee, Sujit, ed. The Idea of an Indian Literature: A Book of Readings. Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages, 1981. (Rhees PK2903 .I332)

A collection of previously published essays, assembled by the editor with the intent of pointing the way towards reconceptualizing Indian literature as a single, multi-language literature, rather than a collection of separate monolingual literatures.

Mukherjee, Sujit. Some Positions on a Literary History of India. Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages, 1981. (Rhees PK2903 .M833)

A careful consideration of different existing models of Indian literary history (Sanskritic, Hindustani and Bharatiya), followed by a working out of how Indian literary history might be reconceptualized. Building on the ideas in his earlier Towards a Literary History of India, Mukherjee now suggests: (1) multilingual canon formation, based on selecting texts which stand out not only within their own linguistic traditions but also in a comparative context; (2) writing literary biographies in order to enable theorizing the place of authorship in Indian society at various places and times; (3) tracing the histories of literary forms; (4) tracing the histories of specific conventions; and (5) tracing inter-lingual traditions, such as transcreations of the Ramayana in regional languages. He also offers his own system of periodization, and introduces and develops the notion of Prakritization.

Mukherjee, Sujit. Towards a Literary History of India. Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 1975. (Rhees PK2903 .M834)

Centered on reconceptualizing Indian literature as a single, multi-language literature, rather than a set of separate monolingual literatures, this collection of eight essays argues for reconceptualizing the literary history of India in order to "account for our literary past" instead of simply describing it and arranging it in chronological sequence. The most significant essay is the last one, "The Working Plan," which proposes the following innovations: (1) the comparative close reading of analogous texts in different Indian languages; (2) studying the historical valences that adaptations of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata into regional languages have had in the development of those languages; (3) mapping the impact of the cultural prestige of Sanskrit on the development of literature in other Indian languages; (4) producing a series of highly contextualized literary biographies of authors "from Kalidasa down to Mirza Ghalib" using a "life and times" model; (5) adopting a more dialectical approach to currents and counter-currents in specific eras; (6) understanding bhakti traditions in different languages as a unifying "spinal column as it were of medieval Indian Literature;" (7) rethinking periodization in the light of careful research; (8) tracing the histories of specific literary forms and genres; and (9) tracing the reclamation and redeployment of myths.

Naik, M. K., ed. Perspectives on Indian Prose in English. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1982. (Rhees PR9492.2 .P47 1982)

A collection of essays by various Indian scholars on Indian non-fictional prose in English. There are chapters devoted to overviews of the prose oeuvres of Swami Vivekananda, M. K. Gandhi, Aurobindo Ghosh, A. K. Coomaraswamy, S. Radhakrishnan, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Nirad C. Chaudhuri, as well as close readings of Tagore's Sadhana, Gandhi's Hind Swaraj, Aurobindo's The Life Divine, Radhakrishnan's Living with a Purpose, Nehru's Autobiography and Chaudhuri's Autobiography of an Unknown Indian.

Narasimhaiah, C. D. The Swan and the Eagle. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 1968. (Rhees PR9709 .N3)

Narasimhaiah's book centers on the writings of Sarojini Naidu, Toru Dutt, Aurobindo Ghose, Jawaharlal Nehru, Swami Vivekananda, Raja Rao, Mulk Raj Anand and R. K. Narayan.


Nasta, Susheila. Home Truths: Fictions of the South Asian Diaspora in Britain. London: Palgrave, 2002. (Rhees PR129.A785 N37 2002)

Nasta's book focuses on post-Second World War im/migrant South Asian writers in Britain, trying to situate their work in terms of a historical, cultural and aesthetic framework deriving from long-established traditions both in Britain and in South Asia. Nasta offers close critical readings of works by Attia Hossain, Aubrey Menen, G. V. Desani, Sam Selvon, V. S. Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, Hanif Kureishi, Ravinder Randhawa, Romesh Gunesekera, Sunetra Gupta, and Aamer Hussein.


Natarajan, Nalini. Woman and Indian Modernity: Readings of Colonial and Postcolonial Novels. New Orleans: University Press of the South, 2002. (Rhees PK5410.W66 N38 2002)

Natarajan's monograph focuses on processes of gendering in twentieth century India's complex negotiations with modernity, offering close readings of how gender is reconstructed in literary representations of modernity in Sarat Chandra Chatterjee's Swami, U. R. Anantha Murthy's Samskara, Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children, Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things, and Rohinton Mistry's A Fine Balance.


Nelson, Emmanuel S., ed. Reworlding: The Literature of the Indian Diaspora. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1992. (Rhees PR9485.45.N45 R48 1992)

A collection of essays by various scholars, focusing on diasporic Indian literature from Fiji, Great Britain, the United States, the Caribbean, Singapore, and South and East Africa. Authors covered include V. S. Naipaul, Salman Rushdie, Raja Rao, Bharati Mukherjee, Agha Shahid Ali, Sam Selvon and Kamala Markandaya.


Pandurang, Mala. Vikram Seth: Multiple Locations. Jaipur and New Delhi: Rawat, 2001. (Rhees PR9499.3.S38 Z83 2001)

Part of Rawat's "Writers of the Indian Diaspora" series, this is, to date, the only book-length study of Vikram Seth's work. The book is divided into five chapters. The first deals with the need to develop new frames of analysis to account for transnational writers like Seth, and furnishes a brief biography and overview of his literary career. The second is devoted to Seth's poetry and translations, and his travelogue, From Heaven Lake: Travels through Sinkiang and Tibet. The next three chapters deal with The Golden Gate, A Suitable Boy, and An Equal Music. There is an extensive bibliography of Seth's books and relevant secondary materials.


Paniker, K. Ayyappa, ed. Indian English Literature Since Independence. New Delhi: Indian Association for English Studies, 1991. (Rhees PR9480 .I53 1991)

A collection of essays by Indian critics. Authors dealt with include Kamala Markandaya, Shobha De, Anita Desai, Shashi Deshpande, Salman Rushdie, Prafulla Mohanti, A. S. P. Ayyar, Ruth Jhabvala, Santha Rama Rau, S. Radhakrishnan, and Nissim Ezekiel.


Paniker, K. Ayyappa. Spotlight on Comparative Indian Literature. Calcutta: Papyrus, 1992.

A collection of twenty very short essays on comparative Indian literature. The first essay maps out the possibilities for comparative studies of South Indian literatures in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Konkani, Urdu, Tulu and Brahui, as well as of border literatures in Marathi and Oriya. The second urges the need for comparative studies of fiction in Russian and Malayalam, because of the strong influence of Russian writers on Malayali ones: of Tolstoy on C. V. Raman Pillai, of Gorky on Takazhi and Kesava Dev, and of Chekhov on Karur Neelakanta Pillai, among others. The third outlines recommendations concerning the institutionalization of comparative Indian literature as a discipline in Indian universities. The fourth emphasizes the need to use Indian theoretical frames when approaching Indian literary texts. The fifth deals with the similarities between traditional Indian theatrical practices (classical Sanskrit theatre, ritual theatre and folk theatre) and twentieth-century Western experimental theatre. The sixth compares ancient and modern Indian and Greek poetry. The seventh is a comparative reading of Raja Rao's Kanthapura (1938), Chinua Achebe's Arrow of God (1964), and Shivaram Karanth's Mookajji's Visions (1968). The eighth deals with mutual influences between American and Indian literature. The ninth is a polemical analysis of cultural encounters between India and the West. The tenth analyzes Ediriweera Sarachchandra's Sinhala play, Sinhabahu (1961). The eleventh is a comparative analysis of Indian poetics and Western traditions of literary criticism. The twelfth is devoted to Canadian fiction. The thirteenth analyzes humor in Malayali and Australian ballads. The fourteenth compares the Sisyphus of Greek mythology and Camus with the Mad Man of Naranath in Malayali folk tales. The fifteenth deals with Malayali literary criticism of Kalidasa. The sixteenth focuses on English translations of Malayali drama. The seventeenth deals with Kerala's literary relations with the West in the nineteenth century. The eighteenth offers a comparative reading of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and C. V. Raman Pillai. The nineteenth is about the author's experience of translating T. S. Eliot's poems into Malayalam. The twentieth is on the impact of Tagore in Kerala. These are occasional essays, of uneven quality, but the first four chapters offer some provocative ideas.


Paniker, K. Ayyappa. Indian Narratology. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, 2003. (Rhees PK2941 .A99 2003)

Paniker's monograph is far from a comprehensive survey, but postulates ten distinctive features of Indian narrative traditions: (1) interiorization; (2) serialization; (3) fantasization; (4) cyclicalization; (5) allegorization; (6) anonymization; (7) elasticization of time; (8) spatialization; (9) stylization; and (10) improvisation. He then devotes one chapter to each of ten Indian models of narrative: (1) vedic or encrypted narrative (such as the Rg Veda); (2) purana or saga narrative (such as the Bhagavata); (3) itihasa or epic narrative (such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata); (4) srnkhala or chain narrative (such as the Kathasaritasagara); (5) anyapadesa or allegorical narrative (such as the Pancatantra); (6) mahakavya or grand narrative (such as the Raghuvamsa); (7) Buddhist and Jain narrative (such as the Jataka); (8) Dravidian narrative (such as the Cilappatikaram); (9) folk and tribal narrative; and (10) misra, or miscellaneous narrative.

Paranjape, Makarand. Towards a Poetics of the Indian English Novel. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 2000. (Rhees PR 9492.4 .P37 2000)

Paranjpe's book is a collection of deliberately unsynthesized essays. The first essay suggests that the main differences between Western and Third World novels are not intrinsic differences of form, predicated on social differences (the Jamesonian Marxist view), but rather primarily context-specific differences in content, which influence form. The second is a meditation on what a political novel is, and on the ideas presented in Orwell's "Inside the Whale" and Rushdie's "Outside the Whale," accompanied by a comparative reading of Rushdie's Shame and Partap Sharma's The Days of the Turban. The third is, in Paranjpe's own words, "an exercise in pseudo-sociology," in which he offers a caste profile of the major Indian novelists in English, discovering a preponderance of de-brahminized brahmins among them. The fourth traces how, whereas Indo-Anglians have gradually edged out Anglo-Indians in the struggle for the fictional territory of India, the former still occupy the same cultural and generic space as the latter, writing about India for and to the West. The fifth, eponymous, and most substantial essay focuses on how situating the Indian novel within an older narrative tradition and broader civilizational context, provides access to a wide range of methodological and evaluative tools. Paranjpe sets out an analytical framework that is at once highly sophisticated and disturbingly nativistic in the narrowest sense. Reading the first chapter of Bharata's Natyasastra, in which Brahma is depicted as creating natya (drama) as the fifth Veda, teaching the purusharthas to the common people for whom the four main Vedas are inaccessible, Paranjpe proposes dharma as the central purushartha , which all narratives must explore and expound, directly or indirectly. He keys this in to a rejection of modern literature as dominated by the rasa of alienation, as a record of "an essentially purushartha-less society" and of "the road we should not take." He then focuses on the dialectic between the marga and the desi in Indian cultural production, signifying the complex and interdependent relationship between national and local, literary and folk, classical and vernacular, Sanskrit and bhashas, elite and subaltern, city and country. To this, he argues, colonialism added a third term, videshi (foreign), and the cultural politics of any contemporary Indian cultural product can be defined in terms its relationship to the latent tension between marga, desi and videshi . Indian writing in English is then characterized as Sub-Imperial, at once central to the periphery (overprivileged) and peripheral to the centre (underprivileged). Borrowing from the Marathi nativist critic, Balchandra Nemade, Paranjpe distinguishes between kriti (work or action), riti (formalism or aestheticism), and pratikriti (anti-realism, illusionism, fantasy), and then uses these categories in plotting an analytical history of Indian English fiction, as well as in judging the worth of individual writers and texts. Paranjpe's judgments are highly idiosyncratic and his overall arguments are best read in conjunction with those of Tabish Khair, Meenakshi Mukherjee, Feroza Jussawalla and G.N. Devy.


Paranjape, Makarand. Mysticism in Indian English Poetry. Delhi: B. R. Publishing, 1988. (Rhees PR 9490 .M87 1988)

Based on Paranjpe's PhD dissertation, this book furnishes readings of the mystical poetry of Sri Ananda Acharya (Surendranath Boral), J. Krishnamurti, Sri Aurobindo (Aurobindo Ghose), Puran Singh, Swami Rama Tirtha, Swami Paramananda, Paramahansa Yogananda, Swami Vivekananda, Swami Sivananda, Mohan Singh, Nissim Ezekiel, Girdhari Tikku, and Syed Amanuddin. The slimness of the volume results in relatively cursory readings, and Paranjpe's analytical framework is unsophisticated, but the book nevertheless represents a valuable beginning in a virgin field.

Perry, John Oliver. Absent Authority: Issues in Contemporary Indian English Criticism. New Delhi: Sterling, 1992. (Rhees PR9490.5 .P47 1992)

In what Perry terms a "metacritical study," targeting indigenous Indian academics, he tries to "derive a tentative framework for later theoretical discussions from the extant criticism" of Indian English poetry. Perry's highly suggestive book ranges across five main topics: (1) indigenous traditions of criticism (both the bhasa traditions of critical commentary, in regional languages, and the marga tradition, in Sanskrit); (2) the actual and potential readership for Indian English poetry; (3) the use of Indian English; (4) political and social agendas in contemporary criticism; and (5) institutional constraints on Indian English criticism.

Prasad, Madhusudan, ed. Indian English Novelists: An Anthology of Critical Essays. New Delhi: Sterling, 1982. (Rhees PR9492 .I52 1982)

A collection of essays by Indian critics, each devoted to a specific Indian writer. The writers covered include Ahmed Ali, Anita Desai, Arun Joshi, Balachandra Rajan, Bharati Mukherjee, Chaman Nahal, M. V. Rama Sarma, Michael Chacko Daniels, Nergis Dalal, Ruskin Bond, Romen Basu, Raji Narasimhan, Sasthi Brata, and Veena Paintal.

Roy, Parama. Indian Traffic: Identities in Question in Colonial and Postcolonial India. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1998. (Rhees PR9485.2 .R69 1998)

A study of the functioning of mimicry and impersonation in colonial and postcolonial India, which demonstrates that questions of originality and impersonation are crucial to both colonial and nationalist discourses and to the conceptual identity of South Asian postcolonial theory. Chapter 1 focuses on Richard Burton's fascination with "going native"; chapter 2 on thuggee; chapter 3 on Kipling's Kim; chapter 4 on Ramakrishna, Vivekananda and Sister Nivedita; chapter 5 on Gandhi and Sarojini Naidu; and chapter 6 on Nargis, the female Muslim star of the Mumbai cinema.

Siegel, Lee. Laughing Matters: Comic Tradition in India. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1987. (Rhees PK2945 .S54 1987)

A pioneering study of Indian traditions of humor and satire, focusing on the satire of manners, social satire, religious satire, the human comedy (centered on the figures of the trickster and the fool) and the divine comedy. A very useful prism through which to view the comic fiction of Desani, Menen, Rushdie, Sealy and others.

Sinha, A. K. The Dramatic Art of Sri Aurobindo. New Delhi: S. Chand and Co., 1979. (Rhees PR9499.3.G52 Z93 1979)

A book length study of Aurobindo's plays, The Viziers of Bassora, Prince of Edur, Perseus the Deliverer, Eric, Vasavadatta and Rodogune. The book is rather mediocre, but contains some useful information about the composition history of the plays.

Verma, C. D. The Exile-Hero and the Reintegrating Vision in Indian English Fiction. New Delhi: Sterling, 1991. (Rhees PR9492.5 .V47 1991)

Verma's monograph is devoted to exile-characters in Raja Rao's The Serpent and the Rope (1960), Balachandra Rajan's The Dark Dancer (1959) and Too Long in the West (1961), Arun Joshi's The Foreigner (1968), Anita Desai's Bye-Bye Blackbird (1971), Kamala Markandaya's Possession (1963) and The Nowhere Man (1973) and Chaman Nahal's Into Another Dawn (1977).

Vijayasree, C. Suniti Namjoshi: The Artful Transgressor. Jaipur and New Delhi: Rawat, 2001. (Rhees PR9499.3.N258 Z92 2001)

Part of Rawat's "Writers of the Indian Diaspora" series, this is, to date, the only book-length study of Suniti Namjoshi's work. The book provides a brief biography and overview of Namjoshi's literary career, followed by chapters devoted to close readings of Namjoshi's individual volumes of poetry and fiction. An interview with Namjoshi is also included, and there is a bibliography of Namjoshi's books and Namjoshi criticism.



Argyle, Barry. An Introduction to the Australian Novel, 1830-1930. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972. (Rhees PR9612.4 .A8)

Argyle's monograph is devoted to close readings of novels by ten early Australian authors. Individual chapters are allotted Henry Savery's Quintus Servinton, Charles Rowcroft's Tales of the Colonies and The Bushranger of Van Diemen's Land, Thomas McCombie's Arabin, James Tucker's Ralph Rashleigh, Henry Kingsley's The Recollections of Geoffry Hamlyn, Marcus Clarke's For the Term of his Natural Life, Rolf Boldrewood's Robbery under Arms, Joseph Furphy's Such is Life, William Hay's The Escape of the Notorious Sir William Heans, and Henry Randel Richardson's The Fortunes of Richard Mahoney. Includes a bibliography and index.

Bennett, Bruce. Australian Short Fiction: A History. St. Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 2002. (Rhees PR9612.2 .B46 2002)

The first monograph entirely devoted to Australian short fiction. The book is organized chronologically, with chapter 2 devoted to 1825-1880; chapter 3 to 1880-1900; chapter 4 to "alternative traditions" (those of women writers, immigrants, travellers, and dissidents) from 1880 to 1930; chapter 5 to 1930-1950; chapter 6 to 1950-1970; chapter 7 to the 1970s; and chapter 8 to 1980-2000. The final chapter deals with contemporary trends in Black writing, travel writing, crime fiction, and science fiction. Includes endnotes, a chronology, a bibliography, and an index.

Boddy, Gillian. Katherine Mansfield: The Woman and the Writer. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1988. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z92 1988)

An illustrated biography, drawing extensively on Mansfield's letters and journals, which also reprints eleven of her short stories. Includes a bibliography and an index.
Britain, Ian. Once an Australian: Journeys with Barry Humphries, Clive James, Germaine Greer, and Robert Hughes. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1997. (Rhees PR9606.2 .B75 1997)

A bio-critical study of four major expatriate Australian writers, with a chapter devoted to each. Includes endnotes and an index.

Curnow, Wystan, ed. Essays on New Zealand Literature. Auckland: Heinemann, 1973. (Rhees PR9623 .C8)

An early collection of previously published essays on New Zealand literature. Four essays deal with poetry from the 1920s to the 1950s, two with fiction, one with the representation of the Maori in New Zealand literature, and two with general issues. Includes endnotes and an index.

Daly, Saralyn R. Katherine Mansfield. Revised Edition. New York: Twayne, 1994. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z635 1994)

A revised version of Daly's 1965 study. Chapter 1 provides a biographical overview, chapters 2 and 3 deal with Mansfield's early work, chapter 4 focuses on Mansfield's avowed "turning point" in 1917-1918, represented by "Prelude" and "Je ne Parle pas Francais." Chapters 5 and 6 deal with her mature short stories from 1918-1922, her influence on Virginia Woolf, and her critical ideas. Includes a chronology, endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Dalziel, Margaret. Janet Frame. Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1980. (Rhees PR9639.3.F7 Z643)

A brief survey of Frame's novels, short stories and verse until 1980. Chapter 1 deals with action and character, chapter 2 with language, chapter 3 with author and vision. The main text is only 45 pages. Includes a bibliography of primary and secondary sources.

Davis, Jack, and Bob Hodge, eds. Aboriginal Writing Today: Papers from the First National Conference of Aboriginal Writers Held in Perth, Western Australia, in 1983. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1985. (Rhees PR9608.2.A96 N3 1983)

A collection of eight short papers presented at the 1983 Aboriginal Writers' Conference at Murdoch University. Papers include Jack Davis' personal overview of Aboriginal writing, Colin Johnson's analysis of the problems of trying to handle Aboriginal themes within white literary forms, Kevin Gilbert's analysis of the policies adopted by Aboriginal writers, Bruce McGuinness and Denis Walker's discussion of the politics of Aboriginal literature, Faith Bandler's account of how she researched her novels, Gerry Bostock's analysis of Aboriginal drama, Cliff Watego's analysis of Kath Walker's poetry, and Catherine Berndt's analysis of traditional Aboriginal oral literature. The discussions which originally followed each paper presentation, are also reproduced, in an edited form. Includes a brief bibliography and index.

Delrez, Marc. Manifold Utopia: The Novels of Janet Frame. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2002. (Rhees PR9639.3.F7 Z644 2002)

A thematic study of Frame's novels, focusing on her linguistic, postcolonial, existential, and philosophical utopianism. Includes the most current bibliography of primary and secondary sources.

Dickson, Katherine Murphy. Katherine Mansfield's New Zealand Stories. Lanham: University Press of America, 1998. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z6353 1998)

Based mostly on Dickson's 1958 master's thesis at Columbia University, this monograph consists of four short, thematic essays on Mansfield's New Zealand stories, followed by a longer essay on the critical appraisal of her between 1957 and 1997. Includes a bibliography and an index.

Dunbar, Pamela. Radical Mansfield: Double Discourse in Katherine Mansfield's Short Stories. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1997. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z6354 1997)

A thematic study of Mansfield's short stories. Includes a chronology, endnotes, and an index.

Evans, Patrick. Janet Frame. Boston: Twayne, 1977. (Rhees PR9639.3.F7 Z645)

The earliest book-length study of Frame's life and work. Includes endnotes, an annotated bibliography, and an index.

Gilbert, Pam. Coming Out From Under: Contemporary Australian Women Writers. London: Pandora, 1988. (Rhees PR9612.6.W6 G5 1988)

A compact survey of contemporary Australian women's writing, with separate chapters devoted to Helen Garner's feminist realism, Robin Klein's popular stories for children, Barbara Hanrahan's stories about girls growing up in South Australia, Elizabeth Jolley's stories exploring female sexuality, Antigone Kefala's experimental techniques, and the works of Thea Astley, Jessica Anderson, Olga Masters, Kate Grenville, and Jean Bedford. Has endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Giles, Fiona. Too Far Everywhere: The Romantic Heroine in Nineteenth-Century Australia. St. Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 1998. (Rhees PR9608 .G56 1998)

The first book-length study of nineteenth century romance novels written by Australian women. Giles offers close readings of Catherine Helen Spence's Clara Morison, Caroline Leakey's The Broad Arrow, Ada Cambridge's The Three Miss Kings, Catherine Martin's An Australian Girl, Tasma's The Penance of Portia James, and Rosa Praed's Lady Bridget in the Never-Never Land. These readings, informed by biographical research, demonstrate how the novels contributed to pressing debates about nationalism, colonialism, and gender relations. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Gong, Shifen. A Fine Pen: The Chinese View of Katherine Mansfield. Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago Press, 2001. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z654 2001)

A selection of twenty Chinese texts about Mansfield and her work, translated and edited by Shifen Gong. Includes a bibliography of Chinese translations and criticism.

Grattan, C. Hartley. Australian Literature. Seattle: University of Washington Book Store, 1929. (Rhees PR9604.4 .G7)

A short essay, previously published in The Bookman, with a foreword by Australian poet and journalist Nettie Palmer. Not of much scholarly use, but of considerable historical significance, as one of the earliest critical surveys of Australian literature.

Gunsteren, Julia van. Katherine Mansfield and Literary Impressionism. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1990. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z676 1990)

Gunsteren argues for approaching Mansfield as a literary impressionist, and closely analyzes impressionist tendencies in her narrative methods, themes, structure, characterization, and imagery.


Hankin, Cherry, ed. Critical Essays on the New Zealand Novel. Auckland: Heinemann, 1976. (Not available in Rhees )

A companion volume to Critical Essays on the New Zealand Short Story. Includes essays on one novel each by Jane Mander, John A. Lee, Robin Hyde, John Mulgan, Dan Davin, Janet Frame, Bill Pearson, Frank Sargeson, and Maurice Shadbolt.


Hankin, Cherry, ed. Critical Essays on the New Zealand Short Story. Auckland: Heinemann, 1982. (Rhees PR9632.52 .C74 1982)

A companion volume to Critical Essays on the New Zealand Novel. Includes essays on Katherine Mansfield, Frank Sargeson, Dan Davin, James Courage, John Reece Cole, A. P. Gaskell, O. E. Middleton, Janet Frame, Maurice Shadbolt, Maurice Gee, Maurice Duggan, Witi Ihimaera, and Patricia Grace. Each essay includes a bibliography.

Hansson, Karin. The Unstable Manifold: Janet Frame's Challenge to Determinism. Lund: Lund University Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9639.3.F7 Z72 1996)

A study of the theme of adaptation and evolution in Frame's writings. Includes an exhaustive bibliography of primary and secondary sources.

Healy, J. J. Literature and the Aborigine in Australia. Second Edition. St. Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 1989. (Rhees PR9605.6.A88 H4 1989)

A study of the literary representations of aborigines and of culture contact, by white Australian writers such as James Tucker, Rolf Boldrewood, Mrs. Campbell Praed, George Gordon McCrae, Charles Harpur, James Brunton Stephens, Henry Kendall, Joseph Furphy, E. L. Grant Watson, Katharine Susannah Prichard, Xavier Herbert, the Jindyworobaks, Judith Wright, Patrick White, F. B. Vickers, Gavin Casey, Donald Stuart, Randolph Stow, Richard Beilby, Thomas Keneally, Peter Mathers, and David Ireland. Includes a bibliography and index.

King, Michael. Wrestling with the Angel: A Life of Janet Frame. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2000. (Rhees PR9639.3.F7 Z75 2000)

The definitive biography of Janet Frame. Includes a bibliography, endnotes, and an index.

Kane, Paul. Australian Poetry: Romanticism and Negativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9610.2 .K36 1996)

A concise survey of Australian poetry, through the conceptual frames of romanticism and negativity. The first two chapters deal with "the dialectic of origins and absence which constructs the ongoing relationship in Australian poetry between romanticism and negativity." Individual chapters are then devoted to Charles Harpur, Henry Kendall, Christopher Brennan, Kenneth Slessor, A. D. Hope, Judith Wright, Gwen Harwood, and Les Murray. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Kobler, J. F. Katherine Mansfield: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne, 1990. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z74 1990)

A study of Mansfield's short fiction. Part 1 offers close readings of her short stories, part 2 comments on her personal writings about writing, life, love, and nature, and part 3 presents excerpts from critical essays by Willa Cather, Elizabeth Bowen, George Shelton Hubbell, Cherry Hankin, Andrew Gurr, Philip Waldron, and Helen Nebeker. Includes a chronology, a bibliography, and an index.

Kossew, Sue. Writing Woman, Writing Place: Contemporary Australian and South African Fiction. London and New York: Routledge, 2004. (Rhees PR9608 .K67 2004)

A study of contemporary women's fiction, divided into two parts. The first part is devoted to Australian women's fiction, offering close readings of texts by Kate Grenville, Eva Sallis, Thea Astley, Gillian Mears, Jo Dutton, and Heather Grace. The second part is devoted to South African women's fiction, offering close readings of texts by Anne Landsman, Elleke Boehmer, Anne Harries, Gillian Slovo, and Nadine Gordimer. Includes endnotes, an extensive bibliography, and an index.

Lucas, Rose, and Lyn McCredden, eds. Bridgings: Readings in Australian Women's Poetry. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9608 .L83 1996)

An anthology of poems by seven twentieth century Australian female poets: Judith Wright, Gwen Harwood, Dorothy Hewitt, J. S. Harry, Dorothy Porter, Ania Walwicz, and Gig Ryan. Although most of the book simply anthologizes poems, a substantial critical essay is also devoted to each poet. Includes endnotes, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index.

McDorman, Kathryne Slate. Ngaio Marsh. Boston: Twayne, 1991. (Rhees PR9639.3.M27 Z79 1991)

A book-length study of New Zealand-born Marsh's detective fiction. Includes a chronology, endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

McCooey, David. Artful Histories: Modern Australian Autobiography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9606.2 .M37 1996)

A critical study of the "particular Australian articulation of autobiography." Chapter 1 discusses the theoretical status of autobiography. Chapter 2 discusses how autobiographers relate to national and familial pasts, so as to understand continuity as well as disjunction with the past. Chapter 3 discusses the mythological quality of childhood in autobiography and the ways in which it relates to the Edenic myth of paradise and fall. Chapter 4 examines the ways in which educational experiences are represented. Chapter 5 deals with the theme of the "hidden past." Chapter 6 is devoted to autobiographies of displacement. Chapter 7 discusses the importance of place in Australian autobiography, and chapter 8 considers how autobiography is distinct from fiction. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

McLaren, John D. Writing in Hope and Fear: Literature as Politics in Postwar Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. (Rhees PR9609.6 .M375 1996)

A careful study of Australian political writing since 1945. Chapter 1 examines the prewar roots of left wing Australian political writing, in the Jindyworobak movement, and the journals Angry Penguins and Meanjin. The rest of the book is devoted to the writers associated with Overland, which tried to unite the left around an alternative culture that would be both democratic and socialist, the right wing reaction centered around Quadrant, the intensification of political attempts to constrain writers legally and financially, and the emergence of a new generation of writers in the aftermath of the Vietnam War, who challenged the division between public and private. Includes endnotes and an index.

McNaughton, Howard. New Zealand Drama. Boston: Twayne, 1981. (Rhees PR9631.2 .M27)

A historical study of New Zealand drama from 1840 to 1980, which analyzes themes and techniques in plays by forty dramatists, including Bruce Mason, James K. Baxter, Joseph Musaphia, and Roger Hall. Most of the book deals with the period from 1945 to 1980. Has a chronology, a bibliography and an index.

Meyers, Jeffrey. Katherine Mansfield: A Darker View. New York: Cooper Square Press, 2002. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z8 2002)

Originally published in 1978, this is the first full-length biography of Mansfield, based on both archival research and extensive interviews with her surviving relatives, friends, and acquaintances. Includes a bibliography, endnotes, and an index.

Modjeska, Drusilla. Exiles at Home: Australian Women Writers, 1925-1945. London: Sirius, 1981. (Rhees PR9609.6 .M6)

A history of Australian women writers from 1925 to 1945, including Miles Franklin, Dymphna Cusack, Alice Henry, Mary Gilmore, Eleanor Dark, Marjorie Barnard, Nettie Palmer, and Katharine Susannah Prichard. Includes photographs, an extensive bibliography, and an index.

Moore, T. Inglis. Social Patterns in Australian Literature. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971. (Rhees PR9605.5.S6 M6)

An early "socio-literary interpretation" of Australian literature, begun in the 1930s, and focusing on what constitutes the "Australian-ness" of Australian literature. Includes a bibliography and index.

Moran, Patricia. Word of Mouth: Body Language in Katherine Mansfield and Virginia Woolf. Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 1996. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z844 1996)

A comparative study of Mansfield and Woolf which focuses on their attitudes to their own bodies. Includes endnotes and an index.

Nathan, Rhoda B., ed. Critical Essays on Katherine Mansfield. New York: G. K. Hall, 1993. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z62 1993)

A collection of critical essays, most previously published, divided into three sections dealing with her early experience in New Zealand, the art of her stories, and the influences on and of her work.

Nile, Richard. The Making of the Australian Literary Imagination. St. Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press, 2002. (Rhees PR9605.2 .N55 2002)

Nile's book explores the influence of nationalism on the creation and demise of Australian fiction, investigates censorship and forms of patronage, and traces the history of the Australian publishing firm Angus and Robertson. Endnotes and an extensive index are provided.

Panny, Judith Dell. I Have What I Gave: The Fiction of Janet Frame. New York: George Braziller, 1993. (Rhees PR9639.3.F7 Z83 1993)

A systematic study of the mythological and allegorical patterns in Frame's fiction, with short chapters devoted to each of Frame's novels and the extended short story, "Snowman, Snowman." An exhaustive bibliography is included.

Paul, Mary. Her Side of the Story: Readings of Mander, Mansfield, and Hyde. Dunedin: University of Otago Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9629.6 .P38 1999)

Offers multiple readings of Katharine Mansfield's "Bliss" and "Prelude," Jane Mander's The Story of a New Zealand River, and the work of Robin Hyde, poet, novelist, and journalist. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Pilditch, Jan, ed. The Critical Response to Katherine Mansfield. Westport: Greenwood, 1996. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z623 1996)

A collection of reviews and essays representing the diversity of the critical response, between 1911 and 1993, to Mansfield's work. Includes responses by her contemporaries, such as Conrad Aiken, Edmund Blunden, and Virginia Woolf, as well as essays by leading Mansfield scholars, such as Ian A. Gordon, Antony Alpers, Jeffrey Meyers, Cherry Hankin, and Vincent O'Sullivan. Includes a chronology, a bibliography, and an index.


Rahn, B. J. Ngaio Marsh: The Woman and Her Work. Metuchen, and London: Scarecrow Press, 1995. (Rhees PR9639.3.M27 Z83 1995)

A miscellaneous collection of reminiscences and essays, with a chronology of plays directed by Marsh, and bibliographies of her detective novels and short crime stories.

Robinson, Roger, ed. Katherine Mansfield: In from the Margin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z733 1994)

A collection of critical essays based on papers presented in 1988 at the Katherine Mansfield Centenary Symposium (Chicago) and the Katherine Mansfield Centennial Conference (Wellington). Contributors include leading Mansfield scholars Vincent O'Sullivan, Cherry Hankin, Perry Meisel, and Gillian Boddy. Includes an index.

Schafer, William J. Mapping the Godzone: A Primer on New Zealand Literature and Culture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1998. (Rhees PR9624.3 .S33 1998)

An self-confessedly idiosyncratic survey of New Zealand literary culture since the 1950s. Writers dealt with include Witi Ihimaera, Fiona Kidman, Ian Wedde, John Mulgan, Barry Crump, Albert Wendt, Alan Duff, Keri Hulme, Patricia Grace, Maurice Shadbolt, Ronald Hugh Morrieson, and Janet Frame. There is also a chapter devoted to New Zealand cinema. Has a bibliography and index.

Schaffer, Kay. Women and the Bush: Forces of Desire in the Australian Cultural Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. (Rhees PR9605.6.W6 S34 1988)

An analysis of Australian myths of national identity, with an emphasis on the roles played by nationalist writers Henry Lawson and Barbara Baynton. Includes endnotes, an extensive bibliography, and an index.

Schaffer, Kay.  In the Wake of First Contact: The Eliza Fraser Stories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. (Rhees PR9605.7.F73 S33 1995)

A study of the various tellings of the story of Eliza Fraser, who was shipwrecked on Fraser Island in 1836 and survived among the Aborigines there for weeks before being rescued. Schaffer examines the various versions of her story told by Eliza Fraser herself, John Curtis' The Shipwreck of the Stirling Castle, Michael Alexander's Mrs. Fraser on the Fatal Shore, Sidney Nolan's "Mrs. Fraser" series of paintings, Patrick White's A Fringe of Leaves, Michael Ondaatje's The Man with Seven Toes, Gabriel Josipovici's Dreams of Mrs. Fraser, Peter Sculthorpe and Barbara Blackman's libretto Eliza Fraser Sings, Andre Brink's An Instant in the Wind, and various other novels, films, plays, and paintings.

Scheckter, John. The Australian Novel, 1830-1980: A Thematic Introduction. New York: Peter Lang, 1998. (Rhees PR9612.2 .S34 1998)

An accessible introductory survey, with endnotes, a Works Cited, and an index.

Semmler, Clement. Douglas Stewart. New York: Twayne, 1974. (Rhees PR9619.3.S8 Z88 1975)

A book-length study of Stewart's writing. Chapter 1 provides biographical and historical information. Chapter 2 deals with Stewart's poetry, chapter 3 with his verse plays, and chapter 4 with his short stories and essays on fishing. Chapter 5 is devoted to his work as an editor of the literary pages of the Australian Bulletin between 1940 and 1960, an editor for the Australian publishing house Angus and Robertson, and a critic. Includes a chronology, endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Smith, Angela. Katherine Mansfield: A Literary Life. New York: Palgrave, 2000. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z877 2000)

A concise biography of Mansfield. Includes a bibliography and an index.


Smith, Angela. Katherine Mansfield and Virginia Woolf: A Public of Two. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999. (Rhees PR9639.3.M258 Z878 1999)

A comparative study of Mansfield and Woolf. The introductory chapter proposes an explanation for their mutual affinity, chapters 2 and 3 compare their personal writings, revealing similarities that shape their fiction, chapter 4 compares Mansfield's "Prelude" with Woolf's To the Lighthouse, chapter 5 compares their early writings and rites of passage, chapter 6 compares Mansfield's "At the Bay" and Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway, and chapter 7 compares Mansfield's "The Daughters of the Late Colonel" and Woolf's Jacob's Room. Includes a bibliography and index.

Smithyman, Kendrick. A Way of Saying: A Study of New Zealand Poetry. Auckland and London: Collins, 1965. (Rhees PR9630.2 .S63)

An early book-length study of New Zealand poetry from the 1930s to the 1950s, distinguishing between "romantic" and "academic" poets, and "regionalist" and "provincial" poets. No chapter headings, bibliography, or index.

Spender, Dale. Writing a New World: Two Centuries of Australian Women Writers. London and New York: Pandora, 1988. (Rhees PR9608 .S63)

A history of Australian women's writing from 1788 to 1988. Part 1 is devoted to personal epistles by early women writers such as Margaret Catchpole, Mary Reiby, Annabella Boswell, and others. Part 2 deals with professional pioneers of the late nineteenth century, such as Annie Baxter and Louisa Lawson. Part 3 deals with twentieth century female writers of popular prose, such as Mary Fullerton, and Agnes Littlejohn; and part 4 deals with contemporary women writers such as Kate Grenville and Germaine Greer. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index..

Wallace-Crabbe, Chris, ed. The Australian Nationalists: Modern Critical Essays. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1971. (Rhees PR9609.5 .W3)

A collection of previously published essays by leading scholars of Australian literature such as A. D. Hope, John Barnes, and Judith Wright, on Australian writers of the 1890s associated with the Sydney Bulletin. Four essays are devoted to Henry Lawson, three to Joseph Furphy, two to C. J. Brennan, and one each to Bernard O'Dowd, 'Banjo' Paterson, Louis Stone, and Barbara Baynton.

Willbanks, Ray. Australian Voices: Writers and Their Work. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991. (Rhees PR9609.6 .W54 1991)

A collection of interviews with contemporary Australian writers, including Patrick White, Jessica Anderson, Thea Astley, Peter Carey, Robert Drewe, Beverley Farmer, Helen Garner, Kate Grenville, Elizabeth Jolley, Thomas Keneally, David Malouf, Frank Moorhouse, David Williamson, Tim Winton, B. Wongar, and Fay Zwicky. Includes a brief index.

Willbanks, Ray. Randolph Stow. Boston: Twayne, 1978. (Rhees PR9619.3.S84 Z95)

A comprehensive study of Stow's writing. Chapter 1 offers biographical and historical information. Chapters 2 through 6 are each devoted to one of his novels. Chapters 7 through 9 are each devoted to one of his major volumes of poems. Chapter 10 deals with his children's book, two short stories, and two librettos. Includes endnotes, a bibliography, and an index.

Williams, Mark. Leaving the Highway: Six Contemporary New Zealand Novelists. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1990. (Rhees PR9632.5 .W55 1990)

A critical study of Janet Frame, C. K. Stead, Keri Hulme, Witi Ihimaera, Ian Wedde, and Maurice Gee, which argues for a complex, deep-rooted tradition in New Zealand fiction. Includes endnotes and an index.



Bennett, Bruce, ed. A Sense of Exile: Essays in the Literature of the Asia-Pacific Region. Nedlands, WA: Centre for Studies in Australian Literature, University of Western Australia, 1988. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Chan, Felicia. Silences May Speak: The Poetry of Lee Tzu Pheng. Singapore: Times Books International, 1999. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Choon, Ban Kah. Of Memory and Desire: The Stories of Gopal Baratham. Singapore: Times Books International, 2000. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Franklin, Cynthia, Ruth Hsu, and Suzanne Kosanke, eds. Navigating Islands and Continents: Conversations and Contestations in and around the Pacific: Selected Essays. Honolulu: College of Languages, Linguistics and Literature, University of Hawai'i and the East-West Center, 2000. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Kintanar, Thelma B. Self and Society in Southeast Asian Fiction: Thematic Explorations in the Twentieth Century Fiction of Five ASEAN Countries.

Lim, Shirley Geok-lin. Nationalism and Literature: English-Language Writing from the Philippines and Singapore. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1993. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Lim, Shirley Geok-lin. Writing S.E./Asia in English: Against the Grain, Focus on Asian English-Language Literature. London: Skoob Books, 1994. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Morrow, Patrick D. Post-Colonial Essays on South Pacific Literature. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1998. (Rhees PR9645 .M67 1998)

Peterson, William. Theater and the Politics of Culture in Contemporary Singapore. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 2001. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Quayum, Mohammad A., and Peter Wicks, eds. Singaporean Literature in English: A Critical Reader. Serdang : Universiti Putra Malaysia Press, 2002. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Roxas-Tope, Lily Rose. (Un)Framing Southeast Asia: Nationalism and the Postcolonial Text in English in Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

Sharrad, Paul, ed. Readings in Pacific Literature. Wollongong, Australia: New Literatures Research Centre, University of Wollongong, 1993. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Singh, Kirpal, ed. Critical Engagements: Singapore Poems in Focus. Singapore: Heinemann Asia, 1986. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Singh, Kirpal, ed. The Writer's Sense of the Past: Essays on Southeast Asian and Australian Literature. Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1987. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Subramani. South Pacific Literature: From Myth to Fabulation. Suva: University of the South Pacific, 1985. (Rhees PR9645 .S8)

Thumboo, Edwin, ed. Perceiving Other Worlds. Singapore: Times Academic Press for UniPress, 1991. (Rhees PL3508.O5 P47 1991)

Va'ai, Sina. Literary Representations in Western Polynesia: Colonialism and Indigeneity. Le Papa-I-Galagala [Samoa]: National University of Samoa, 1999. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)

Yi-En, Lim. Women in Bondage: The Stories of Catherine Lim. Singapore: Times Books International, 1999. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)
Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1988. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.) Quezon City: University of the Philippines, Office of Research Coordination, 1998. (Not available in the University of Rochester Libraries.)


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